draft horse

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draft horse

or

work horse,

any breed of horsehorse,
hoofed, herbivorous mammal now represented by a single extant genus, Equus. The term horse commonly refers only to the domestic Equus caballus and to the wild Przewalski's horse.
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 that is suited to or used for drawing heavy loads. Draft horses originated in central Europe, where their domestication preceded the Roman invasion. Popular breeds include the BelgianBelgian horse,
one of the largest breeds of draft horses of pure European descent. It has a long history, antedating the Christian era, but became especially popular during the Middle Ages. In the 15th and 16th cent.
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, ClydesdaleClydesdale horse,
breed of draft horse developed in Scotland. It closely resembles the Shire horse, although it is not as heavy. The Clydesdale is characterized by its graceful, springy step.
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, PercheronPercheron horse
, breed of draft horse developed in NW France, originally of Flemish origin, but also containing some Arabian blood (see Arabian horse). For a heavy horse, it has considerable stamina and is a good trotter.
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, and ShireShire horse,
a breed of draft horse native to central England. It is equal in weight to the Belgian horse and is usually slightly taller. Widely used as a war horse during the Middle Ages, it was well adapted to carry the excessive weight of armor worn by both horse and rider.
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, all of which are extremely large and noted for their strength, endurance, and good disposition.

Draft Horse

 

the collective name for certain specialized breeds of work horses. Draft horses have massive bodies and a great capacity for pulling heavy loads. The main draft horses in the USSR are the Soviet, Vladimir, and Russian breeds, while in Western Europe the most important breeds are the Brabant, Percheron, Boulonnais, Breton, Shire, Clydesdale, Suffolk, and Ardennes. Draft horses were widely used in agriculture, for transportation, and in other work. Their use has declined with the growth of mechanization.

References in periodicals archive ?
Delyth said: "The Irish Draught Horse Society (GB) works tirelessly to ensure that the breed conforms to the standard set by the mother Society in Ireland; a pleasant head, good, quality bone, short shins, deep body, good strong loins and hindquarters and an active, powerful stride.
What name is given to the two-piece collar of a draught horse to which the traces are attached?
Ferdia, a six-year-old draught horse, will be handed over at a ceremony in Tallaght to begin training as the Garda's 13th horse at the unit's base in the Aras an Uachtarain stables in Phoenix Park.
She's got good conformation, a good temperament and eats like a draught horse.
The extensive collection includes a Park Dray on four wheels with shafts and pole, Marston Wagonette with shafts and pole, an eight-seat wagonette with disk breaks, a Victoria Carriage with leather hood, a ladies' Phaeton, a Charlie Pinney Hitch cart, breaking cart for a heavy horse, a Gambo Body plough, a Norfolk Market Cart on 60" wheels, an Ox cart and pole, a Ransome Simms Plough, a Pierce Finger Bar Mower, pairs show harness and pairs working harness and various draught horse implement harnesses, ploughs and ridges.
GRAHAM BRADLEY cut it fine but made a dream comeback to the saddle when scoring aboard Irish draught horse Brummel in a celebrity Flat race at Stratford last night.
HORSE SENSE: Heavy draught horses belonging to | |Liverpool Corporation on St George's Plateau during the May Day horse parade in 1910
RARE draught horses are being used to clear woodland for the first time in half a century.
5-ton carriage of the King's Troop Royal Horse Artillery was drawn by six black Irish draught horses over Tower Bridge and past Buckingham Palace.
MARTIN CLUNES - HEAVY HORSE POWER ITV, 9pm Two years ago, Martin Clunes added two Clydesdale draught horses to the menagerie at his Dorset farm.