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Lot(lôt), department (1990 pop. 156,100), S central France, in Quercy. CahorsCahors
, town (1991 pop. 20,787), capital of Lot dept., S central France, in Quercy, on the Lot River. A commercial center, it has canneries, distilleries, and factories making a great variety of products.
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Lot,river, c.300 mi (483 km) long, rising in the Cévennes Mts., SE France, and flowing W past Mende and Cahors to join the Garonne River. The limestone plateaus through which the Lot winds are intersected by fertile valleys and vineyards.
Lot,in the Book of Genesis, the son of Abraham's brother Haran. Lot settled in Sodom and received a warning of its destruction. As he fled with his family, his wife, disobeying God's orders, looked back at the city and was turned into a pillar of salt. In biblical ethnography, Lot is considered the eponymous ancestor of the Moabites and Ammonites.
a universal means for apportioning benefits, burdens, social responsibilities, and the like, developed and widely used in all ancient societies. Casting lots was especially important in the rural (nonkinship) commune for the distribution of allotments of plowland for individual use. The plot of land thus received was also itself known as a lot, as in the ancient Greek term kleros or old Polish treb. In Athens during the fifth century B.C., lots were employed in assigning posts of social responsibility. The ancient Romans also cast lots to determine those condemned in the practice of decimation, that is, the execution of every tenth person in cases of group crimes or when the guilty party could not be discovered. Medieval law and custom preserved the use of lots for the allotment of inheritances, shares of communal land, taxes and responsibilities.
Lots were cast as an integral part of the judicial process in Rus’, in dueling customs, and so on. In prerevolutionary Russia, the practice continued in the naming of jurors and in electoral law (for example, see art. 17 of the Statute on Elections to the State Duma, of Dec. 11, 1905).
Z. M. CHERNILOVSKII
a department in southwestern France, in the Lot and Dordogne valleys, and partly on the Massif Central and the Quercy Plateau. Area, 5,200 sq km. Population, 150,000 (1972). Administrative center, Cahors. Lot is an agricultural area where sheep are raised and fruit is grown. The textile and timber industries are also important.
a river in southwestern France, right tributary of the Garonne. Length, 480 km; basin area, 11,200 sq km. Rising in the western slopes of the Cévennes, the Lot crosses the southern section of the Massif Central in a narrow valley and flows through the Garonne Valley in its lower reaches. The river is fed primarily by rain; high water occurs in March and April and shallow water from July to September. The water level rises 3–5 m during floods. Average water discharge at the mouth is 180 cu m per sec. The Lot is navigable below the influx of the Truyère River. The cities of Cahors and Villeneuve-sur-Lot are on the river.
in biblical mythology the nephew of Abraham.
According to the Book of Genesis, when the god Yahweh punished the sinful city of Sodom (where Lot was a shepherd), only Lot and his family were spared by god; during the flight from Sodom, Lot’s wife disobeyed the command not to look back at the burning city and as punishment was turned into a pillar of salt. Lot’s two daughters, thinking that after the destruction of Sodom they and their father alone remained alive on the earth, plied their father with wine and had incestuous relations with him, from which were born Moab and Ammon, founders of the tribes of the Moabites and Ammonites. In one of the Qumran scrolls discovered in the Dead Sea area in the late 1940’s new details of the legend of Lot have been found.
(Russian sortament or sortiment), a grouping of manufactured products by grade, production type, size, or some other criterion. The term sortament is used in the metallurgical industry, primarily in reference to rolled products. Sortiment is used in the production of timber.