drop

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drop

1. a steep or sheer incline or slope
2. Military the act of unloading troops, equipment, or supplies by parachute
3. Theatre See drop curtain
4. Nautical the midships height of a sail bent to a fixed yard
5. Austral Cricket slang a fall of the wicket
6. See drop shot
7. Rugby short for drop kick, drop-kick See also drop off dropout

Drop

Any one of the guttae attached to the underside of the mutules or triglyphs of a Doric entablature.

Drop

 

a small volume of liquid that is bounded in a state of equilibrium by a surface of rotation.

Drops form when a liquid flows slowly out of a small opening or runs off the edge of a surface, as well as when a liquid is atomized or emulsified. Drops also form when vapors condense on solid nonwettable surfaces and on condensation nuclei (ions, dust particles) in gaseous media; water droplets in the atmosphere arise in this way in the formation of dew, fog, and clouds.

The form of a drop is determined by the effect of surface tension (tending to decrease the surface of the drop) and external forces (above all, gravity). Microscopic drops for which gravity is not a decisive factor, and drops under the conditions of weightlessness have the form of a sphere, which is a body with minimum surface for a given volume. Large drops under earth conditions take a spherical form only when the densities of the drop and of the surrounding medium are equal. Falling raindrops, affected by gravity, the pressure of the opposing air current, and surface tension, assume the shape of a bun (broader across than vertically). Drops assume the shape of a flattened sphere on nonwettable surfaces, and they spread out on wettable surfaces.

The form and size of drops breaking away from the end of a capillary tube (pipette) depend on the diameter of the tube, the surface tension o~, and the density of the liquid. This relationship forms the basis for the determination of the surface tension of liquids from the weight of the drops leaving a vertical cylindrical tube (stalagmometer) and from the shape of the drops suspended from the end of a tube or resting on a flat surface.

IU. N. DROZHZHIN

drop

[dräp]
(fluid mechanics)
The quantity of liquid that coalesces into a single globule; sizes vary according to physical conditions and the properties of the fluid itself.
(hydrology)
The difference in water-surface elevations that is measured up-and downstream from a narrowing in the stream.
(metallurgy)
A casting defect due to the falling of a portion of sand from an overhanging section of the mold.
(mineralogy)
A funnel-shaped downward intrusion of sedimentary rock into the roof of a coal seam.
(plant pathology)
A fungus disease of various vegetables caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and characterized by wilt and stem rot.

drop

1. Any one of the guttae under the mutules or triglyphs of a Doric entablature.
2. In a cabinet lock, the vertical dimension from the finished edge of the lock to the center of the cylinder or tube.
3. In air conditioning, the vertical distance that a horizontally projected airstream falls from its original elevation when leaving an outlet, measured at the end of the throw.
4. Same as drop curtain.
5. Same as drop panel.
6. Of a stair, a fitting used to close the bottom end of a tubular newel.
7. Same as pendant, 2; also see corner drop.
8. Same as turned drop.
References in classic literature ?
It was evident that the effort of speaking had been much greater than her studied composure betrayed, and that at his first word of reassurance she had dropped back into the usual, as a too-adventurous child takes refuge in its mother's arms.
He received that piece of information with a yell of laughter, and dropped back, but came slouching after us at a little distance.
The girl heard the wooden rods groan beneath the impact; but they held, and the huge body dropped back to the ground below.
The girl dropped back a few paces, where she stood watching for the terrible sight that she knew she should soon witness.
When he grew excited or enthusiastic, however, he dropped back into the old slurring and the dropping of final consonants.
He quitted the fire and dropped back into his chair.
At the door Tom dropped back a step and accosted a Sunday-dressed comrade:
Presently, however, the young men dropped back into their former position, and the dialogue proceeded.
The pulpy remnant he dropped back into the pan and turned away, and I had a sharp vision of how it might have fared with me had the monster put his real strength upon me.
Oh, I mean real guessin'," he urged, when the animal had dropped back to earth and stood regarding him with trembling suspicion.
And then she would begin her tumbling again as if dropped back into a boiling cauldron.
He dropped back on his pillow and lay there with an odd expression on his face.