drug addiction

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drug addiction

or

drug dependency

a chronic physical and psychological compulsion or craving to take a drug, in which the person concerned must continue to take the drug in order to avoid unpleasant physical and psychological effects resulting from withdrawal from the drug. Compare DRUG TAKING FOR PLEASURE.

Many drugs can be associated with drug addiction and dependency, including sedatives (e.g. barbiturates), the opiates (e.g. heroin) and alcohol (see ALCOHOLISM). Drugs which do not lead to dependency include cannabis, the hallucinogens (e.g. lysergic acid – LSD), and stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamines. While so-called ‘hard drugs’ such as heroin attract the main attention of governments and researchers, addiction to alcohol is far more widespread. The indiscriminate medicinal use of barbiturates in the 1960s has also been responsible for much drug dependency. More recently, benzodiazepines (notably Valium) replaced barbiturates as a new source of medically induced drug dependency The control of addictive drugs has been a major concern of Western governments and the United Nations, but with mixed success. While government control of dangerous drugs reflects public concern, what needs explanation is why some non-addictive drugs, such as cannabis, are illegal, whilst other, more addictive drugs, such as tobacco and alcohol, are legal. Various explanations are offered for this phenomenon, including: the difficulty of controlling long-established drugs, and the occurrence of MORAL PANICS and mass media DEVIANCE AMPLIFICATION, and hence heightened controls and policing in relation to newly introduced drugs, particularly when these are associated with other forms of social DEVIANCE, and/or with lower status and ethnic minority groups.

Drug Addiction

Confessions of an English Opium-Eater
Thomas de Quincy tells of his opium addiction, his nightmarish experiences, and the sufferings of withdrawal. [Br. Lit.: Haydn & Fuller, 155]
Holmes, Sherlock
the famous sleuth, addicted to cocaine. [Br. Lit.: Benét, 473]
Man with the Golden Arm, The
Chicagoan Frankie Machine, a failure, takes to morphine, murders his supplier, and hangs himself. [Am. Lit.: Benét, 632]
Tyrone, Mary
addicted to morphine after childbirth, thanks to her husband’s choice of a quack doctor. [Am. Lit.: O’Neill Long Day’s Journey into Night in Sobel, 431]
Valley of the Dolls
portrays self-destruction of drug addicted starlets. [Am. Lit.: Valley of the Dolls]
References in periodicals archive ?
In a nutshell: Druggie drama doesn't break new ground but boasts a great Heath Ledger and adds some new horror to the addiction canon.
So while she is concocting yet another fantasy, Steve is busy helping old flame Michelle deal with her druggie son Ryan and his dealer.
Harold and Kumar Get The Munchies (15Adventures of hungry druggie misfits (Jon Cho and Kal Penn7.
Mary's clients include Phillip, the son of a British diplomat who had rather unsuccessfully taken up the hippie life and ended up with a broken back; Amod, the kind and lonely waiter from the dhaba (cafe), who supplies her with food when she is too tired to eat but who has no joy in his life because of his fears and insecurities; and Antone, a druggie who tries to kidnap Phillip for ransom, not knowing about his injury.
Predictably, Trainspotting has been accused of glamorizing drugs, and indeed the film is riveting in precise ratio to the extent that it glosses over the tawdry torpor of the druggie lifestyle.
People just think of Pete as a druggie screw-up and forget the music.
30pm Just when eager husband Greg is keen to spend more time with new wife Tanya (above centre), her mum Cora turns up to stay, joining druggie daughter Rainie (above left and right) in their home.
One girl druggie would offer sex acts for her fixes near the kids' park.
Ben, age 16, is so embarrassed by his cerebral palsy that he spends much of his time hiding out alone in the dark of a movie theater--until he runs into a classmate named Colleen there, a pale, tattooed, blunt-spoken druggie with her own demons to escape.
DRUGGIE thugs broke into a police station to try to get cash and weapons from an impounded car.
Nor do I buy this myth that druggie parents can be good parents.
DRUGGIE duo Amy Winehouse and Britney Spears are both facing the world with mad hair.