drug addiction

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drug addiction


drug dependency

a chronic physical and psychological compulsion or craving to take a drug, in which the person concerned must continue to take the drug in order to avoid unpleasant physical and psychological effects resulting from withdrawal from the drug. Compare DRUG TAKING FOR PLEASURE.

Many drugs can be associated with drug addiction and dependency, including sedatives (e.g. barbiturates), the opiates (e.g. heroin) and alcohol (see ALCOHOLISM). Drugs which do not lead to dependency include cannabis, the hallucinogens (e.g. lysergic acid – LSD), and stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamines. While so-called ‘hard drugs’ such as heroin attract the main attention of governments and researchers, addiction to alcohol is far more widespread. The indiscriminate medicinal use of barbiturates in the 1960s has also been responsible for much drug dependency. More recently, benzodiazepines (notably Valium) replaced barbiturates as a new source of medically induced drug dependency The control of addictive drugs has been a major concern of Western governments and the United Nations, but with mixed success. While government control of dangerous drugs reflects public concern, what needs explanation is why some non-addictive drugs, such as cannabis, are illegal, whilst other, more addictive drugs, such as tobacco and alcohol, are legal. Various explanations are offered for this phenomenon, including: the difficulty of controlling long-established drugs, and the occurrence of MORAL PANICS and mass media DEVIANCE AMPLIFICATION, and hence heightened controls and policing in relation to newly introduced drugs, particularly when these are associated with other forms of social DEVIANCE, and/or with lower status and ethnic minority groups.

Drug Addiction

Confessions of an English Opium-Eater
Thomas de Quincy tells of his opium addiction, his nightmarish experiences, and the sufferings of withdrawal. [Br. Lit.: Haydn & Fuller, 155]
Holmes, Sherlock
the famous sleuth, addicted to cocaine. [Br. Lit.: Benét, 473]
Man with the Golden Arm, The
Chicagoan Frankie Machine, a failure, takes to morphine, murders his supplier, and hangs himself. [Am. Lit.: Benét, 632]
Tyrone, Mary
addicted to morphine after childbirth, thanks to her husband’s choice of a quack doctor. [Am. Lit.: O’Neill Long Day’s Journey into Night in Sobel, 431]
Valley of the Dolls
portrays self-destruction of drug addicted starlets. [Am. Lit.: Valley of the Dolls]
References in periodicals archive ?
The first thing I see is two druggies on pushbikes, one of them injecting himself then throwing the needle on the floor.
The action led to the arrest of four druggies, and a search of the house yielded two 2 kg of Hashish and 8,000 narcotic pills.
The vast majority of the people in this area are proud Northumbrians, not druggies, idlers and scoundrels.
So before anyone gets up on their high horse over the druggies, maybe they should have a look at their own lifestyles.
That's why incapacity is so high because the druggies and alcoholics are on it.
I am neither a druggie, alchoholic nor an ex con, just a normal citizen with concerns for my fellow man.
CHRIS Cook of Denby Dale says dogs and cats are better than kids because they: eat less, don't ask for money all the time, are easier to train, normally come when called, never ask to drive the car, don't hang out with druggies, smoke or drink, don't want to wear your clothes, don't have to buy the latest fashions, and don't need a fortune to go to university.
IN REPLY to Mr Cook's letter, I'll tell you what I did about the druggies in Eston cemetery.
have portrayed Liverpool in such a way that the rest of the country thinks we are all druggies, prostitutes and skivers.
The Government should stop benefits for the druggies and alcoholics who could work if they wanted, but will not even go out looking for work.
Up to 100,000 druggies are also to be offered treatment instead of jail in a bid to cut crime.
Although "thujone is assumed by modern-day druggies to lend some sort of buzz," says the site, "it does not.