dry cleaning

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dry cleaning,

process of cleaning fabrics without water. Special solvents and soaps are used so as not to harm fabrics and dyes that will not withstand the effects of ordinary soap and water. Dry cleaning began in France about the middle of the 19th cent., at first in small plants, where it was done by hand; with the development of specialized machinery it has become an important industry. The danger of fire—at first a constant menace because of the large amounts of flammable materials in use—was largely overcome by concentrating the work in specially designed plants and by the use of a high-boiling petroleum product still commonly used in the United States. Newer chlorinated hydrocarbon synthetic solvents, such as perchlorethylene, are nonflammable but require precautions against their toxicity and danger to the ozone layerozone layer
or ozonosphere,
region of the stratosphere containing relatively high concentrations of ozone, located at altitudes of 12–30 mi (19–48 km) above the earth's surface.
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. The process for dry cleaning ordinary fabrics is to place them in revolving washers where they are washed with the cleansing fluid and a special soap, rinsed with pure cleansing fluid, and then spun to remove most of the fluid. They are then dried with warm air in a tumbler. Delicate fabrics are done by hand. The cleansing fluids are reclaimed and used again. Unusual stains are given an expert test to determine the proper solvent; special stain removers include chloroform, ether, and carbon disulphide.

dry cleaning

[′drī klēn·iŋ]
(engineering)
To utilize dry-cleaning fluid to remove stains from textile.
References in periodicals archive ?
a wholly-owned subsidiary of Procter & Gamble (P&G), announce the opening of the newest Tide Dry Cleaners store in Draper, Utah.
Hence, the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) and the New York City Department of Environmental Protection (NYCDEP) adopted additional dry cleaner regulations intended to reduce and contain fugitive perc emissions in 1997 and 1998, respectively, which specifically addressed dry cleaners in residential buildings (New York City 1998; NYSDEC 1997).
The Alliance of Professional Restoration Drycleaners said they use technology to save up to 30% more garments than typical dry cleaners.
Q I recently switched dry cleaners after a garment came back damaged.
While many landlords in the past have avoided renting to dry cleaners due to concerns about air, water and soil pollution, not to mention potential community backlash, they may have been missing out on a significant business market.
About 80 percent of the dry cleaners in the United States use perc, mostly because it works so well.
Plus, every community has dry cleaners, and most are mom-and-pop stores that can easily initiate innovation.
Miele added he's never run into a dry cleaner that defied them.
An adjacent parcel houses the International Fabricate Institute, a trade association for commercial dry cleaners and launderers, which conducted dry cleaning and related activities on site, including testing of samples of PCE.
If you're lucky enough to live near a dry cleaner that subscribes to the "Ecoclean" method, you can breathe easier when you step into your freshly dry cleaned suit.
the largest chain of dry cleaners in the Chicago area.
Many discerning consumers are now flocking to a new product that not only cleans your best garments, but also saves you money and improves your carbon footprint by keeping your car off the road, decreasing the frequency of your trips to the good ol' dry cleaner.