Xerostomia

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Xerostomia

 

dryness in the mouth. It is observed in affection of the salivary glands as a result of bilateral neuritis of the facial nerve, pathological processes in the hypothalamic region of the brain, diabetes mellitus, pernicious anemia, pulmonary tuberculosis, diffuse thyrotoxic goiter, and some other diseases. It is found in elderly people and in cases of emaciation resulting from starvation. It is often combined with xerophthalmia and glossalgia. It is manifested by burning in the tongue, gums, lips, and cheeks and difficulty in swallowing food; saliva secretion is decreased or completely absent. Xerostomia is often accompanied by caries. Treatment calls for the removal of the basic disease.

References in periodicals archive ?
The new report* found that patients suffering from dry mouth due to an underproduction of saliva, as a result of Sjogren's syndrome or radiation therapy for head and neck cancer, may not see any improvements in their treatment until the following decade.
Studies show that dry mouth affects up to 60 percent of patients taking an anticholinergic medication to treat a urologic condition such as overactive bladder (OAB).
If dry mouth or constipation does develop, try adding the cholinesterase inhibitor Mestinon (pyridostigmine bromide), which does not interfere with amitriptyline's action, he added.
In clinical trials, dry mouth was also the most common side effect.
Among the more commonly used drugs that can cause dry mouth, antipsychotics for treating schizophrenia show the greatest mouth-drying effect, with antidepressants and ulcer drugs at the middle of the scale and antihistamines near the bottom, Papas says.
Dry mouth affects at least one in ten adults in the general population.
Medication - dry mouth is a potential side-effect of 75% of common medications, such as antidepressants, high blood pressure or cholesterol tablets and antihistamines.
The most common side effect reported was dry mouth, occurring at a rate of 36% in the first year and 19% in the second year.
Adverse reactions include nausea, dry mouth, dizziness, tremor and a reduction in sex drive.
Millions of people suffer from dry mouth caused by prescription medications or medical conditions," said Alan Roberts, Auriga's senior vice president of scientific affairs.
Dry mouth is one of the most common side effects of medications.
She simultaneously began to experience vocal fatigue that significantly interfered with her singing, and she complained of a globus sensation, bitter taste, frequent throat clearing, and dry mouth despite proton-pump inhibitor therapy.