dry cleaning

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Related to dry-cleaning: Dry cleaning fluid

dry cleaning,

process of cleaning fabrics without water. Special solvents and soaps are used so as not to harm fabrics and dyes that will not withstand the effects of ordinary soap and water. Dry cleaning began in France about the middle of the 19th cent., at first in small plants, where it was done by hand; with the development of specialized machinery it has become an important industry. The danger of fire—at first a constant menace because of the large amounts of flammable materials in use—was largely overcome by concentrating the work in specially designed plants and by the use of a high-boiling petroleum product still commonly used in the United States. Newer chlorinated hydrocarbon synthetic solvents, such as perchlorethylene, are nonflammable but require precautions against their toxicity and danger to the ozone layerozone layer
or ozonosphere,
region of the stratosphere containing relatively high concentrations of ozone, located at altitudes of 12–30 mi (19–48 km) above the earth's surface.
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. The process for dry cleaning ordinary fabrics is to place them in revolving washers where they are washed with the cleansing fluid and a special soap, rinsed with pure cleansing fluid, and then spun to remove most of the fluid. They are then dried with warm air in a tumbler. Delicate fabrics are done by hand. The cleansing fluids are reclaimed and used again. Unusual stains are given an expert test to determine the proper solvent; special stain removers include chloroform, ether, and carbon disulphide.

dry cleaning

[′drī klēn·iŋ]
(engineering)
To utilize dry-cleaning fluid to remove stains from textile.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Dry-cleaning Equipment industry development trends and marketing channels are analyzed.
7% decline in like-for-like sales throughout the dry-cleaning estate, although the group as a whole posted improved sales and profits.
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They can extend the time between dry-cleaning trips.
Unlike traditional dry-cleaning, which uses perchloroethylene or "perc," a petroleum-based solvent, the GreenEarth process uses no hazardous chemicals.
This year, some unsuspecting dry-cleaning patrons will, in addition to the bags, be receiving an extra shirt mixed in among their laundry.
OTCBB:AMCX) services the North American dry-cleaning industry, a seven billion dollar annual market which has consistently grown an average rate of 10% each year.
Porter's appointment further augments Americlean's Board of Directors and significantly enhances the company's ability to become North America's leading dry-cleaning supply and service company.
But the dry-cleaning industry is fighting the proposed rule, which would be the first of its kind in the nation.
The company also provides out-sourced dry-cleaning and laundry services.
The Company revolutionized the dry-cleaning industry with our CO2 system for professional garment care (MICARE(R)).