Dura

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Related to dural: Dural ectasia, dural sac, dural sinus

Dura

(do͝or`ə) or

Europus

(yo͝orō`pəs), ancient city of Syria, E of PalmyraPalmyra
, ancient city of central Syria. A small modern village known as Tudmor or Tadmor (the Syrian Arabic name of Palmyra) is nearby; residents were relocated from the ancient site in the early 1930s.
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 on a plateau above the Euphrates River. It is also called Dura-Europos or Dura-Europus. Founded (c.300 B.C.) by a general of Seleucus ISeleucus I
(Seleucus Nicator) , d. 280 B.C., king of ancient Syria. An able general of Alexander the Great, he played a leading part in the wars of the Diadochi. In the new partition of the empire in 312 B.C. he received Babylonia.
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, it prospered. In the 2d cent. A.D. the Parthians took Dura, and in A.D. 165 it was taken by Rome. It remained a Roman city until it was seized (c.A.D. 257) by Shapur I of Persia. Dura was then abandoned to the desert. Excavations since Dura was rediscovered by accident in 1920 have yielded rich finds, supplying much information on life, history, and art in Mesopotamia from Hellenistic through Roman times. The site was extensively looted, however, during the Syrian civil war. The name is also spelled Doura. The modern village of Salihiye is on the site.

Bibliography

See M. I. Rostovtzeff et al., Excavations at Dura-Europos (reports, 1929–59); M. I. Rostovtzeff, Dura-Europos and Its Art (1938).


Dura,

in the Bible, plain, near Babylon, where Nebuchadnezzar set up a golden image.
References in periodicals archive ?
Preliminary studies in the USA had indicated that the syringe was viewed favourably (2,3) and that it might reduce the incidence of failed epidural analgesia and possibly also unintentional dural puncture, when used by trainees (4).
Dural tears during spinal surgery are not uncommon, with reported incidence rates of 0.
has announced the publication of a new clinical paper in World Neurosurgery relating to its self-adhesive dural sealant film products.
In this case report, the parturient presented with "classic" symptoms of a positional headache consistent with postdural puncture headache, a complication of neuraxial analgesia with an estimated incidence of 50% to 85% following unintentional dural puncture with an epidural needle (2, 3).
A dural graft, which is either bovine collagen or synthetic, often is required after interdural surgery to provide a watertight seal, protect cerebral tissue and reduce the risk of infection.
The ideal dural substitute should prevent cerebrospinal fluid leaks, have strength and flexibility similar to human dura mater, present little or no risk of infection and not induce a severe inflammatory response," said Frederick F.
The origin of dural chondromas is more controversial.
Dural, 66, is originally from Lafayette, Louisiana, and grew up in a house where he heard accordion music "24-7.
We accessed four databases (the American Academy of Neurology, The Cochrane Library, PubMed, CINAHL) and used several search strings: "spinal puncture, post lumbar, dural, postdural, puncture, needle"; "headache, back pain, backache"; "bed rest, posture, immobilization, early ambulation"; and "caffeine/therapeutic use.
Non-parenchymal CNS involvement mainly presents with intracranial hypertension due to dural sinus thrombosis.
Because of a small recurrent dural fistula, the patient subsequently underwent neurosurgical intervention.
Following approval from the Ethics Committee of Clinical Research (CEIC del Grupo Hospital de Madrid, Spain), the dural sac and its contents at thoraco-lumbar levels were extracted from six human cadavers between 61 and 72 years of age.