durian


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durian,

the highly esteemed, edible fruit of Durio zibethinus. The edible portions are the seeds found inside the large spiny fruits, which may weigh several pounds. The durian, although notoriously pungently malodorous (a mildly scented variety has been developed), has an aril (an extra seedcovering) that tastes like a combination of banana, caramel, and vanilla, with a slight onion tang. The seeds may be eaten raw, roasted or canned. The durian is an important cash crop in Indomalesia, particularly as an exotic export to Europe and North America. Durian is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Malvales, family Bombacaceae.
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durian

durian

The very large football-sized spikey prehistoric-looking fruit can weight up to 10 lbs (4.5kg) and has been known to kill people falling from the tree. It’s said they fall mainly at night when people aren’t around. The tropical tree is very large- 75-150 ft tall (25-75m). They begin fruiting after 4-5 years and can bear fruit twice a year. People either love or hate the fruit. On one side, it can smell like rotten eggs because of it’s high sulfur content (which is great for youthful skin). This strong odor brings forth vile disgust in many people. But others love the fruit because it’s sweet dessert-like inner flesh looks and tastes like custard, flan or creme brulee, and is quite popular as an aphrodisiac. Very high in tryptophan, which makes people feel good and relax. Also high in protein, sugar, healthy fats and carbs for energy. Each durian has 5 segments which can break open by hand when ripe. Each segment has a soft mass of custard-like flesh with a nut inside. This can be eaten raw or dehydrated or mixed into a pudding in a blender. Nut is also edible. Durian fruit looks similar to Jackfruit on the outside, but isn’t related.

Durian

 

(Durio zibethinus), a tall (reaching 45 m) evergreen fruit tree of the family Bombacaceae. The leaves are leathery and oblong and have smooth margins. The flowers are bisexual and gathered into corymbs. The fruits are large (up to 3 kg), oval or spheroid, covered with hard spines, and five-celled, with several seeds in each chamber. The seeds are large and embedded in a juicy tissue that is an outgrowth of the wall of the pericarp. Durian grows wild in the forests of Borneo, Sumatra, and the Malay Peninsula. The trees are cultivated in Southeast Asia and southern India. The pulp of the fruits with its peculiar garlic odor is used as food.

REFERENCE

Siniagin, I. I. Tropicheskoe zemledelie. Moscow, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
The researchers said this odour may be important to the durian in the wild, helping to attract animals to eat it and disperse its seeds.
A la culture du durian qui est en general supposee par les ethnologues, mais aussi par nombre d'expatries et de touristes, il manque de la meme facon tout le travail de mise en culture.
Love it or hate it, Durian fruit has brought attention to the fantastic food products available from Malaysia.
In the WSN system under the study, a sensor device (patch antenna) is first attached onto the exterior of a durian fruit as shown in Fig.
As the first two installments of Fruit Chan's as yet unfinished "Prostitute Trilogy," Durian Durian and Hollywood, Hong Kong trace the itineraries of two mainland women who work as prostitutes in Hong Kong.
In scenario one Durian can control Elm from January 1, 2009, so this is the relevant date of acquisition for Elm.
When it's ripe and ready to eat, the durian can make a whole house smell a little like old gym socks.
GTC's director of promotion and financial services James Tomecko said Thai fruit had great potential, particularly longan, durian, pomelo, oranges and mangosteen.
According to a CNN News service bulletin on December 1, 2006, Typhoon Durian washed "car-sized" glowing red hot boulders from a volcano into some villages.
Noel Rosal, the city's mayor, said rescue operations were being hampered by impassable roads because a bridge connecting them to the city was damaged by Typhoon Durian, which pounded southern Luzon on Thursday with winds blowing at up to 225 kilometers per hour.
President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo's declaration allows her government to more rapidly release funds needed to bolster search and rescue efforts and help several eastern provinces recover three days after Typhoon Durian struck, killing at least 309 people.