Dysmenorrhea

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dysmenorrhea

[dis‚men·ə′rē·ə]
(medicine)
Difficult or painful menstruation.

Dysmenorrhea

 

disturbances of menstruation, characterized by pains in the lower abdomen, the small of the back, and the sacrum (algomenorrhea), combined with general symptoms (migraine, heart palpitations, vomiting, diarrhea, skin rashes, and sleep disturbance).

Primary dysmenorrhea occurs in women with no previous gynecological disease, most often in young girls and young women who have not given birth. This dysmenorrhea often ceases with a regular sex life and especially after parturition. Secondary dysmenorrhea appears as a result of inflammatory processes, the development of tumors in the woman’s sex organs, version of the uterus, and so on. Dysmenorrhea may develop as a result of psychological shock associated with the onset of the first menstruation in uninformed young girls, when there is a long-unfulfilled desire to become pregnant, and in cases of unsatisfactory sex life. Sometimes dysmenorrhea arises owing to the functional characteristics of a woman’s nervous system (vagotonic form). A special form of dysmenorrhea is membranous dysmenorrhea, which is associated with hormonal disharmony (the preponderance of estrogen over the hormone of the corpus luteum).

Treatment depends on the causes of the dysmenorrhea and its form. General restorative treatment, pain relievers, sedatives, hormone therapy, and physical therapy are prescribed.

References in periodicals archive ?
Analgesia with ibuprofen arginate versus conventional ibuprofen for patints with dysmenorrheal.
A total of 64 female high school students aged between 14-18 years with dysmenorrheal pain participated in this study.
Thus, when taking ginger root decoction during primary dysmenorrheal itmay cause a decrease or relief from pain.
Primary dysmenorrheal in young western Australian women: prevalence, impact, and knowledge of treatment.
Self-mutilation, anorexia, and dysmenorrheal in obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Gynecological disorder (Leucorrhoea, Dysmenorrheal, Menstrual irregulaties, Dysfunctional uterine bleeding etc) is present in around 87(29.
longipedunculata (15g), Calathodes oxycarpa (30 g), Lindera aggregata (3 g) were decocted together and took orally for treatment of dysmenorrheal (Xie et al.
This improvement may be due to the increase in the blood flow and metabolism of the uterus during exercise which may be effective in the reduction of dysmenorrheal symptoms.
Rhizomes of a related species, Zingiber officinale, have been shown to give pain relief in patients suffering from dysmenorrheal [106].
In the other hands, decreased the age onset of menarche influenced on issues, such as; premenstrual syndrome (PMS), dysmenorrheal, amenorrhea, breast & endometrial cancers.