The initial screening of potential candidates with stable disease should ideally be performed by pulmonologists, and should include an assessment of severity of dyspnoea
, functional impairment, past thoracic surgery, comorbidities and smoking status.
Fear and anxiety about dyspnoea
can result in stress associated with sexual activity, reducing enjoyment and willingness to participate in it (Steinke 2013).
Of subjective importance for the patients was the improvement in dyspnoea
, which meant that they could assume a lying position without difficulty, and oxygen substitution could be discontinued.
In our patient, though there was cough, dyspnoea
and chest pain, routine Chest X-ray was normal as the defect involved only abdominal organs.
The BSS (Bronchitis Severity Score) evaluates five symptoms, which are important for acute bronchitis: cough, sputum, rhales/rhonchi, chest pain during coughing, and dyspnoea
Chylothorax may contribute to symptomatic dyspnoea
in LAM and occurs by one of three mechanisms: 1) obstruction of the thoracic duct and its tributaries; 2) leakage from pleural lymphatics; and 3) transdiaphragmatic flow from chylous ascites.
The signs and symptoms that may help to confirm its applicability include prostration, mental weakness, irritability, dry mouth, tinnitus and dyspnoea
The classical clinical symptoms of heart failure are exertional dyspnoea
, orthopnoea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnoea
, fatigue and the signs are elevated jugular venous pressure, pulmonary rales, third heart sound and peripheral oedema.
Exercise tests were terminated when symptoms of dyspnoea
or leg fatigue became intolerable or when the participant could not keep up with the set speed, exercise intensity, or required pedalling rate (50-60 revolutions per minute).
Clinically, patients may present with cough, fever, dyspnoea
and hypoxaemia and failure to wean off the ventilator.
Comparison of dyspnoea
ratings and psychophysical measurements of respiratory sensation in obstructive airway disease.
Test termination criteria consisted of symptoms such as unsustainable dyspnoea
or leg fatigue, chest pain, ECG ST-segment depression, a drop in systolic blood pressure or Sa[O.