land art

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land art

or

earthworks,

art form developed in the late 1960s and early 70s by Robert SmithsonSmithson, Robert,
1938–73, American sculptor, b. Passaic, N.J. After first making modular, serial sculpture, Smithson began to design large-scale earthworks (see land art) in the 1960s.
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, Robert MorrisMorris, Robert,
1931–, American artist, b. Kansas City, Mo. He settled in New York City in 1960 and was allied in his early work with the simple, impersonal forms of minimalism, e.g., an untitled 1965 work consisting of four blocks of gray fiberglass.
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, Michael HeizerHeizer, Michael,
1944–, American sculptor and painter, b. Berkeley, Calif., studied San Francisco Art Institute (1963–64). Heizer was one of the artists who developed land art in the late 1960s and early 70s.
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, and others, in which the artist employs the elements of nature in situ or rearranges the landscape with earthmoving equipment. The resulting work, often vast in scale, is subject to all natural changes, such as temperature variations, light and darkness, wind, and erosion. The technique was in part an attempt to counter the perception of art as an acquirable commodity, although as the movement developed such items as site photographs, cartographic studies, and artists' notebooks were made available to collectors. Smithson's Spiral Jetty (1970), a huge spiral of rock and salt crystal in the Great Salt Lake, Utah, is a characteristic example of the land art form. Because of the fluctuating water level of the lake, Spiral Jetty is not always visible. Heizer's vast City (1971–) in the Nevada desert is probably the largest land art project yet attempted. Another monumental work is James TurrellTurrell, James,
1943–, American installation and land artist, b. Los Angeles, grad. Pomona College (B.A., 1965), Claremont Graduate School (M.F.A., 1973). Turrell's career began in the 1960s art scene in Los Angeles.
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's Roden Crater, an extinct volcano near Flagstaff, Ariz., the interior of which he has transformed since the 1970s into an enormous work of art with rooms, tunnels, and openings to the sky. Robert Morris constructed outdoor earthworks in the 1960s and 70s, but land art is just one of the movements with which he has been associated. Among other artists who have worked in the land art genre are Dennis Oppenheim, Alice Aycock, Nancy Holt, Richard Long, Walter De MariaDe Maria, Walter Joseph,
1935–2013, American sculptor, b. Albany, Calif. From the late 1950s into the 60s De Maria partcipated in "Happenings," created Dada-influenced minimalist sculptures, and began making drawings for works of land art.
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, Newton and Helen Harrison, and Andy Goldsworthy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Prior to beginning the project, as a class we discussed artists associated with earth art or ecological art.
While Gupta takes care of exports and the restaurant, Chaudhry spends more time on the creative side and with Earth Art.
It was invented by Nader Khalili, an Iranian architect who set up the California Institute of Earth Art and Architecture (Cal-Earth) in 1991.
With earth art like Spiral Jetty--as with minimalist art, conceptual art, and installation art--we get something like the romantic mode in reverse: the domestication of the exotic.
Perhaps the ancients did their earth art as a way to create unity among themselves and with Earth.
Hum, a room painted in Mexican clear honey, won Ms Jones the first Bayer Earth Art Prize in 1995.
invited to assist with Native Earth Art - Muchachas
While these artists later splintered into many genres - performance art, conceptual art, earth art, feminist art - they continued to share an interest in artistic process for its own sake.
Part of IHC's juvenile product line, these sponges will be packaged under the National Wildlife Federation's Share the Earth art work.
You can get a list of environmental bulletin boards across North America and Europe--"The Green BBS List"--by down-loading it from the Earth Art BBS at (803) 552-4389, where the list originates.
DHL was the perfect partner to help complete the vision of my global earth art project as they are the only express carrier with the local experience and knowledge in each United Nations country," said artist Gary Simpson.

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