restaurant

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restaurant,

a commerical establishment where meals can be bought and eaten. In the 16th cent. English inns and taverns began to serve one meal a day at a fixed time and price, at a common table, and usually distinguished by a special dish. The meal was called the ordinary, and inn dining rooms and eating places generally began to be called ordinaries. Famous among those in London were the Castle, much frequented by luminaries, and Lloyd'sLloyd's,
London insurance underwriting corporation of many separate syndicates; often called Lloyd's of London. Founded in the late 17th cent. by a group of merchants, shipowners, and insurance brokers at the coffeehouse of Edward Lloyd, the association is now international in
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, a meeting place for merchants. In the 17th cent. the ordinaries became fashionable clubs, gambling resorts, and eventually centers of such intense political activity that they were closed by Charles II in 1675. In France, a loose equivalent of the ordinary called the table d'hôte, which served a standard daily meal, usually roasted meat, at a communal table, was popular by the mid-18th cent. The name restaurant was first used (c.1765) for a Paris establishment serving light ("restoring") dishes. By the late 18th cent., the Parisian restaurant had become a place offering single servings from a somewhat varied menu and seating at private tables. After the French Revolution, many former chefs of aristocratic houses opened restaurants. While the revolutionaries had favored the egalitarian table d'hôte, the bourgeoisie of the Restoration transformed the restaurant into a French institution that flourished in the 19th cent. and thereafter.

Early American taverns and inns resembled those of England. The White Horse Tavern in Newport, R.I. (founded 1673), claims to be the oldest. Fraunces Tavern (see under Fraunces, SamuelFraunces, Samuel
, c.1722–95, American innkeeper, proprietor of the historic Fraunces Tavern in New York City. This building at the corner of Broad and Pearl streets was the De Lancey mansion before Fraunces purchased it in 1762 and opened it as the Queen's Head
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) in New York was a famous meeting place. The first modern restaurant in New York City was opened (c.1831) by John and Peter Delmonico. The self-service restaurant, or cafeteria, was originated in the United States by philanthropic organizations to help working women secure cheaper meals. The idea was rapidly adopted by commercial restaurants, business organizations, and schools. An outgrowth of the cafeteria was the automat, which first opened in 1902 in Philadelphia and offered prepared food that was displayed behind small glass doors and could be purchased by depositing coins into a slot, which opened the doors. Although the last automat closed in 1991, the idea survives in the fully automated vending area, in which prepackaged food and drinks are dispensed from coin-operated machines. In the 1920s and 30s, dinersdiner,
restaurant resembling the railroad dining car. In the mid-19th cent., the first dining cars that appeared on trains were nothing more than an empty car with a fastened-down table. George M.
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, quick, cheap eating places resembling railroad dining cars, became popular places to eat. Car service restaurants, or drive-ins, first appeared in Florida during the 1930s. The foods sold at lunch counters and drive-ins was called fast food: hamburgers, hotdogs, french fries, and milk shakes. The franchising of fast-food restaurants has led to a boom in these establishments, and today millions of people throughout the world eat at fast-food chains such as McDonald's. Since World War II, most major cities have experienced a proliferation of ethnic restaurants.

Bibliography

See J. Finkelstein, Dining Out (1989); R. L. Spang, The Invention of the Restaurant (2000); A. B. Trubek, Haute Cuisine: How the French Invented the Culinary Profession (2000); A. Haley, Turning the Tables: Restaurants and the Rise of the American Middle Class, 1880–1920 (2011).

Restaurant

A commercial establishment where meals to order are served to the public, either in a separate building or within a hotel or other facility.

restaurant

A building (or part of a building) or any place used as a place where meals or sandwiches are prepared and/or served to its clientele.
References in periodicals archive ?
As per the list of violations registered, some of the traditional eateries did not have refrigerators with the right temperature for defrosting meat and chicken, he added.
Few of the eateries were also found to be an open field for rats and insects.
And the number of such eateries is going up considerably," she said.
The company currently operates more than 1,000 eateries across more than 40 countries with more than 400 of those restaurants located outside the United States.
During the hearing, Delhi Pollution Control Committee ( DPCC) officials informed the NGT that while seven of 33 eateries were found to be closed, 19 joints had submitted their replies.
New initiatives eateries are putting in place to heighten food safety will be taken into account when being considered for the award.
It is seen that at a few of these eateries procure water from roadside municipality contaminated tap water, which are often surrounded by garbage and for cooking, washing and serving purposes.
A full list of participating eateries can be found on www.
However, the ministry would reportedly monitor the situation and accordingly advise the operators of these eateries, he added.
Jumeirah Group has acquired the rights to launch a series of exclusive eateries in the region.
The school is also grouping some of its specialized eateries together, food-court style, to make meals convenient.
This elegant eatery inside the Hotel Alvear Palace has been repeatedly voted the city's best restaurant in local surveys--and that says a lot considering the superb selection of eateries in Buenos Aires.