restaurant

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restaurant,

a commerical establishment where meals can be bought and eaten. In the 16th cent. English inns and taverns began to serve one meal a day at a fixed time and price, at a common table, and usually distinguished by a special dish. The meal was called the ordinary, and inn dining rooms and eating places generally began to be called ordinaries. Famous among those in London were the Castle, much frequented by luminaries, and Lloyd'sLloyd's,
London insurance underwriting corporation of many separate syndicates; often called Lloyd's of London. Founded in the late 17th cent. by a group of merchants, shipowners, and insurance brokers at the coffeehouse of Edward Lloyd, the association is now international in
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, a meeting place for merchants. In the 17th cent. the ordinaries became fashionable clubs, gambling resorts, and eventually centers of such intense political activity that they were closed by Charles II in 1675. In France, a loose equivalent of the ordinary called the table d'hôte, which served a standard daily meal, usually roasted meat, at a communal table, was popular by the mid-18th cent. The name restaurant was first used (c.1765) for a Paris establishment serving light ("restoring") dishes. By the late 18th cent., the Parisian restaurant had become a place offering single servings from a somewhat varied menu and seating at private tables. After the French Revolution, many former chefs of aristocratic houses opened restaurants. While the revolutionaries had favored the egalitarian table d'hôte, the bourgeoisie of the Restoration transformed the restaurant into a French institution that flourished in the 19th cent. and thereafter.

Early American taverns and inns resembled those of England. The White Horse Tavern in Newport, R.I. (founded 1673), claims to be the oldest. Fraunces Tavern (see under Fraunces, SamuelFraunces, Samuel
, c.1722–95, American innkeeper, proprietor of the historic Fraunces Tavern in New York City. This building at the corner of Broad and Pearl streets was the De Lancey mansion before Fraunces purchased it in 1762 and opened it as the Queen's Head
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) in New York was a famous meeting place. The first modern restaurant in New York City was opened (c.1831) by John and Peter Delmonico. The self-service restaurant, or cafeteria, was originated in the United States by philanthropic organizations to help working women secure cheaper meals. The idea was rapidly adopted by commercial restaurants, business organizations, and schools. An outgrowth of the cafeteria was the automat, which first opened in 1902 in Philadelphia and offered prepared food that was displayed behind small glass doors and could be purchased by depositing coins into a slot, which opened the doors. Although the last automat closed in 1991, the idea survives in the fully automated vending area, in which prepackaged food and drinks are dispensed from coin-operated machines. In the 1920s and 30s, dinersdiner,
restaurant resembling the railroad dining car. In the mid-19th cent., the first dining cars that appeared on trains were nothing more than an empty car with a fastened-down table. George M.
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, quick, cheap eating places resembling railroad dining cars, became popular places to eat. Car service restaurants, or drive-ins, first appeared in Florida during the 1930s. The foods sold at lunch counters and drive-ins was called fast food: hamburgers, hotdogs, french fries, and milk shakes. The franchising of fast-food restaurants has led to a boom in these establishments, and today millions of people throughout the world eat at fast-food chains such as McDonald's. Since World War II, most major cities have experienced a proliferation of ethnic restaurants.

Bibliography

See J. Finkelstein, Dining Out (1989); R. L. Spang, The Invention of the Restaurant (2000); A. B. Trubek, Haute Cuisine: How the French Invented the Culinary Profession (2000); A. Haley, Turning the Tables: Restaurants and the Rise of the American Middle Class, 1880–1920 (2011).

Restaurant

A commercial establishment where meals to order are served to the public, either in a separate building or within a hotel or other facility.

restaurant

A building (or part of a building) or any place used as a place where meals or sandwiches are prepared and/or served to its clientele.
References in periodicals archive ?
Based in Jackson, Mississippi, Newk's Eatery is leading the next generation of fast casual with its culinary-driven menu made from the finest ingredients including soups, salads, pizzas and sandwiches all made daily in open-view kitchens and served fresh for lunch and dinner.
The ownership thought the Eatery was a good fit because it's been a neighborhood treasure for 15 years and the restaurant was committed to operating on the block for another 15 years.
Nicksons Eatery, located in downtown La Grange, is the creation of partners Nick Baca, his wife Carson Baca, and his brother Rich Baca.
Soon after the body was found around 7 am on Friday on the street, investigators rounded up four employees of the eatery and subjected them to sustained interrogation.
Shevale said about 40 new food items have been added to the old menu that had made the eatery popular among young people and foreigners staying at the nearby Osho ashram.
Conrad Brunton, co-owner at Great British Eatery, said: "The Chip Factor competition has definitely created a buzz.
Also arriving soon to the neighborhood is DOB 111, a new eatery at 115 St.
Police estimate the crew is responsible for at least 52 restaurant robberies in the Valley and for killing one man in cold blood at a Thai eatery.
A charming 1930s-vintage cabin, the family-run eatery is incredibly popular among Tahoe's local set, so it's definitely wise to make a reservation.
This elegant eatery inside the Hotel Alvear Palace has been repeatedly voted the city's best restaurant in local surveys--and that says a lot considering the superb selection of eateries in Buenos Aires.
Jeff Parker is now managing that one, while Matt Parker oversees the mall eatery.
Kelly's Roast Beef, a five-unit fast-casual eatery known for its legendary roast beef, succulent seafood and freshly prepared sandwiches, kicks off the holiday season of eating and entertaining with the introduction of "Kelly's Customized," making it a cinch for anyone planning a party or event to please everyone's palates this holiday season.