onomatopoeia

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onomatopoeia

(ŏn'əmăt'əpē`ə) [Gr.,=word-making], in language, the representation of a sound by an imitation thereof; e.g., the cat mews. Poets often convey the meaning of a verse through its very sound. For example, in "Song of the Lotus-Eaters" Tennyson indicates the slow, sensuous, and langorous life of the Lotus-Eaters by the sound of the words he uses to describe the land in which they live:
Here are cool mosses deep,
And through the moss the ivies creep,
And in the stream the long-leaved flowers weep,
And from the craggy ledge the poppy hangs in sleep.
Onomatopoeia can also represent harsh and unpleasant sounds, as in Browning's "Meeting at Night":
A tap at the pane, the quick sharp scratch
And blue spurt of a lighted match.

Onomatopoeia

(pop culture)
The black trench coat–wearing assassin Onomatopoeia hurled onto the pages of a Kevin Smith–penned, Phil Hester and Ande Parks–illustrated story in Green Arrow vol. 3 #11 (2002). Introduced as a ninja-like murderer of third-string superheroes such as the suburban vigilante Buckeye, Onomatopoeia struck a more well-known superhero, the contemporary Green Arrow, Connor Hawke—an accomplished martial artist himself and son of the original Green Arrow, Oliver Queen. Like his name implies, Onomatopoeia's calling card is that he utters onomatopoeic words—specifically, the sound of the murder weapon he employs during the murder (“Bang!” “Crash!”)—just before killing his next victim. While he didn't quite execute Green Arrow, he did manage to hospitalize him by shooting him in the head. As Green Arrow's arch-nemesis—and by extension, his father's, as the two Emerald Archers fight crime together in Star City—little is known about this evasive, verbally limited supervillain. His face concealed behind a black mask with concentric bull's-eye markings, Onomatopoeia has superpowers that mimic a super–serial killer. He is adept at using guns, swords, knives, and other weaponry, and even goes to such extremes as to bite weapons in two! With behavior that borders on psychotic, the mysterious Onomatopoeia might find a welcome home in the bleaker post–Infinite Crisis (2005–2006) DC Universe.

Onomatopoeia

 

in linguistics, sound-imitative words that develop out of a phonetic similarity to combinations of nonverbal sounds—for example, Russian miaukat’, “to meow” (from miau, “meow”). The term “onomatopoeia” also refers to the method by which sound-imitative words are formed, as well as to a particular type of onomatopoeic, or reduplicative, word. Often, “onomatopoeia” designates the conventional verbal imitation of the sound associated with a living or nonliving thing (ku-ku, “cuckoo”; bum-bum, “boom-boom”; a devitsa—khi-khi-khi! da kha-kha-kha! “And the girl goes ‘Hee, hee, hee!’ and ‘Ha, ha, ha!’ “). Onomatopoeia is used in poetry to create an image based on sound:

Budu akat’, budu okat’,
Kapliu-step’ voz’mu pod lokot’,
Kon’ poidet podkovoi tsokat’,
Ekat’ selezenkoiu. (A. Tarkovskii) 

onomatopoeia

1. the formation of words whose sound is imitative of the sound of the noise or action designated, such as hiss, buzz, and bang
2. the use of such words for poetic or rhetorical effect
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References in periodicals archive ?
Foreign-Language Echoic Pretraining Echoic pretraining was conducted to ensure that the participant could echo the target Japanese names.
The purpose of the study reported here was to investigate the role that different contingencies of social reinforcement play in the effectiveness of the RMIA procedure to induce first instances of echoic tacts (echoics taught under the controlling variables of tacts) (Tsiouri & Greer, 2003).
Nevertheless, a beginning analysis is offered, listing the test item's probable controlling variables for 5 of Skinner's verbal operants mand, echoic, tact, intraverbal, and textual, and for the nonverbal operant involving listener relations commonly referred to as receptive language.
The parent vocally prompted mands during contrived opportunities using an echoic procedure identical to that of phase 1 until at least 75% of the mands were unprompted for two consecutive sessions.
The mand training procedure in the present study omitted the echoic modeling because of the youth of the participants.
During this procedure the experimenter showed a preferred item or activity to the student, waited three seconds and immediately delivered the item or activity if the student independently emitted the target response form, or provided an echoic correction if the student did not respond or emitted an incorrect response.
One experiment that tested the Naming theory showed that only 1 out of 5 children tacted items after being taught an echoic response not in the presence of the item and a listener response, but 5 out of 5 children tacted items after being taught a listener response and an echoic response in the presence of the item (Horne & Lowe, 1998).
In addition, efforts involving automatic reinforcement procedures, stimulus-stimulus pairing, differential reinforcement, and extinction are used in an effort to evoke vocal behavior such as an echoic repertoire from non-verbal learners (Carbone, 2003; Carbone, 2004; www.
The increase in the cumulative frequency of intraverbals appeared to occur a few sessions after the increase in the tact, mand, and echoic categories at approximately the 21st month.
The participant had an echoic repertoire at the time of the study and targeted echoic responses were shown to improve with the application of learn units as a method of instruction.
For example, prior to teaching Set 1, tacts of animals, experimenter provided a single echoic presentation for each of the target stimuli (i.
The learner sees a nonverbal stimulus and hears two different supplementary stimuli, a verbal stimulus and an echoic stimulus, and makes an echoic response.