Ectopia

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ectopia

[ek′tōp·ē·ə]
(medicine)
A congenital or acquired positional abnormality of an organ or other part of thebody.

Ectopia

 

displacement of an organ into an adjacent body cavity or to the exterior. Ectopia may occur as a birth defect (anomaly of development) or as a result of injury to the walls of a cavity. Examples include ectopia of the urinary bladder to the exterior in case of partial closure of the anterior abdominal wall, ectopia of the spleen into the pleural cavity in case of hernia or traumatic rupture of the diaphragm, and hereditary ectopia lends, displacement of the crystalline lens of the eye.

Some types of ectopia are fatal, for example, ectopia cordis, congenital displacement of the heart outside the chest wall. Other types of ectopia can be corrected surgically.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Ectopia cordis involves lots of complications with the structure of a newborn baby's heart, which can lead to other problems like:
Martin y et al indicaron que la asociacion de defectos de fusion esternal con defectos variables del corazon, del diafragma y de la pared abdominal anterior, representaba una alteracion del desarrollo que incluia tanto a la pentalogia de Cantrell como a la ectopia cordis, y senalo que eran secundarias a una alteracion del desarrollo de la linea media, y estaban incluidas dentro del STA.
Ectopia cordis has been known for 5 000 years, but its etiology and pathogenesis has not been elucidated yet (2, 6-8).
Ectopia cordis and cleft sternum: Evidence for mechanical teratogenesis following rupture of the chorion or yolk sac.
Autopsy findings (Figure 1B) revealed an omphalocele with herniation of the bowel and liver, a midline sternal defect with ectopia cordis, a right-sided clubfoot, scoliosis, a bilateral cleft lip, and a midline cleft palate.
Palabras clave: Pectus excavatum, Ectopia cordis , bovino.
Palabras clave: Pentalogia de Cantrell, onfalocele, ectopia cordis.
His mother, Chandra, discovered her unborn baby had ectopia cordis - - his heart was outside his chest - - when she was four months pregnant, according to the Sun-Times.
The condition, called ectopia cordis, is so rare even the specialist doctor had to google it.
This conditions is called Ectopia Cordis which is often, but not always associated with POC.