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A congenital or acquired positional abnormality of an organ or other part of thebody.



displacement of an organ into an adjacent body cavity or to the exterior. Ectopia may occur as a birth defect (anomaly of development) or as a result of injury to the walls of a cavity. Examples include ectopia of the urinary bladder to the exterior in case of partial closure of the anterior abdominal wall, ectopia of the spleen into the pleural cavity in case of hernia or traumatic rupture of the diaphragm, and hereditary ectopia lends, displacement of the crystalline lens of the eye.

Some types of ectopia are fatal, for example, ectopia cordis, congenital displacement of the heart outside the chest wall. Other types of ectopia can be corrected surgically.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Pentalogy of Cantrell and ectopia cordis, a familial developmental field complex.
Ectopia cordis and cleft sternum: Evidence for mechanical teratogenesis following rupture of the chorion or yolk sac.
Autopsy findings (Figure 1B) revealed an omphalocele with herniation of the bowel and liver, a midline sternal defect with ectopia cordis, a right-sided clubfoot, scoliosis, a bilateral cleft lip, and a midline cleft palate.
Only eight per one million babies are born with ectopia cordis, a rare congenital malformation where the heart is abnormally located either partially or totally outside the chest.
Bihar's miracle baby, born to Vibha Devi and her labourer husband from Parihar village of Sitamarhi district near Muzaffarpur, was born with a defect called ectopia cordis.
The wife of a daily- wage labourer from Parihar village of Sitamarhi district near Muzaffarpur, Vibha, gave birth to a baby suffering from a rare congenital heart defect called ectopia cordis.