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see immigrationimmigration,
entrance of a person (an alien) into a new country for the purpose of establishing permanent residence. Motives for immigration, like those for migration generally, are often economic, although religious or political factors may be very important.
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; migrationmigration,
of people, geographical movements of individuals or groups for the purpose of permanently resettling. Early History

Migrations have occurred throughout history and have played an important part in the peopling of all the areas of the earth.
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the movement of people from one country to another to establish permanent or temporary residence, usually with the aim of finding work. Emigration may be permanent or temporary, even seasonal. In seasonal emigration the time of stay is limited by contract or other terms of hire; for example, the emigrant may be allowed to stay for the gathering of the harvest. In addition to emigration for economic reasons, population movements take place for political, ethnic, and religious reasons. In the second half of the 20th century the principal waves of emigration have been from Western Europe to the USA, Canada, Australia, and several other countries—primarily permanent emigration—and from developing countries to Western Europe— usually temporary emigration by laborers who work for low wages. (See alsoHUMAN MIGRATION.)



The movement of individuals or their disseminules out of a population or population area.
References in periodicals archive ?
When Mario Monti hinted at it in his inaugural speech after being appointed prime minister in 2011, he actually encouraged emigration, praising the"mobility" of young Italians in the"European and global job market.
On the contrary, when problems began to crop up with emigration from Calcutta and Madras, there was a detailed proposal in 1856 to obtain emigrants from the Bombay Presidency.
The total French emigration to Canada numbered around 67,000 people but with seasonal migration included could have received as many as 75,000 in the two centuries of her study
With admirable skills, she demonstrates region by region - even department by department - that while virtually all of France contributed to the emigration the most likely areas to send emigrants (permanent and temporary to both Quebec and Acardie) are associated with the emerging Atlantic economy and especially the Northwest, for which she records 38.
She concludes from these numbers and the east-west emigration axis she draws from Rouen to Toulouse, that the "international connection represented by the Atlantic economy superseded the cultural backwardness generally attributed to southern France as a whole.
She finds no correlation between global emigration and the annual course of grain prices or overall economic curves of boom or bust.
The pattern of Soviet compliance with the family reunification and emigration provisions of CSCE documents provides an opportunity for empirical analysis of regime compliance.
22) Realizing that the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations would not agree to a broad statement on freedom of emigration, the Western nations focused on family reunification.
However, it was the Bern Experts Meeting on Human Contacts, held in April and May 1986, which represented a significant and thorough evaluation of emigration matters.
With the exception of several years during the late 1970s, Soviet Jewish emigration underwent a steep decline in both the mid-1970s and the bulk of the 1980s.
During the initial dip in emigration following the amendment's passage in 1975, groups largely interpreted the events as they wanted to--as supporters saw Jackson's efforts as a valiant effort rather than a failure.
13) Though the amendment was written in general terms, it was specifically crafted with Jewish emigration from the Soviet Union in mind.