encephalomyocarditis


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encephalomyocarditis

[en¦sef·ə·lō‚mī·ə‚kär′dīd·əs]
(medicine)
An acute febrile RNA virus disease accompanied by pharyngitis, stiff neck, and hyperactive deep reflexes; certain species of wild rats are the reservoir; human infections range from a mild febrile illness to a severe encephalomyelitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
2008) Cellular prion protein prevents brain damage after encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) infection in mice.
Essential role of mda-5 in type-I IFN responses to polyriboinosinic:polyribocytidylic acid and encephalomyocarditis picornavirus.
Dengue virus 2 (DEN-2), Encephalomyocarditis murine virus (EMCV) and Vaccinia virus strain Western Reserve (VACV-WR) were kindly donated by Dr.
Role of MAPK in the regulation of double-stranded RNA- and encephalomyocarditis virus-induced cyclooxygenase-2 expression by macrophages.
The cardioviruses (family Picornaviridae, genus Cardiovirus) are pathogens of rodents and include a murine encephalomyocarditis virus and Theiler's virus and related strains (species Theilovirus), the latter serving as laboratory models of the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis in mice (1).
For this, murine encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV)-sensitive L 929 fibroblasts were incubated with different amounts of EPs[R] 7630 and some characteristic constituents, respectively, before exposure to EMCV suspensions.
To the Editor: Cardioviruses currently consist of at least 3 viruses: Theiler murine encephalomyocarditis virus, encephalomyocarditis virus, and Saffold virus (SAFV) (1-4).
Interferon activity was assessed as capacity to protect murine L929 fibroblasts from the cytopathic effect of murine encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV, generously provided by Prof.
Gender-determined differences in susceptibility to virus infections have been reported for encephalomyocarditis virus (34), vesicular stomatitis virus (35), and coxsackievirus B3 (36).
The measured in vitro antiviral activities of Echinacea sap in cultures of mouse L-cells against Encephalomyocarditis (EMC) virus or vesicular-stomatitis virus (VSV) were observed only when the sap was added together with DEAE-dextran.
The 2 known species of the genus Cardiovirus, encephalomyocarditis viruses and Theiler viruses (2), are known to be pathogenic in several animal species and in humans (3-6).
Encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV; family Picornaviridae, genus Cardiovirus) is a group of closely related virus strains belonging to 1 serotype with a wide host range (1).