Encephalopathy

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encephalopathy

[en‚sef·ə′läp·ə·thē]
(medicine)
Any disease of the brain.

Encephalopathy

 

a collective term that designates a noninflammatory organic disease of the brain. Some encephalopathies are innate, resulting from embryopathy. Others are the result of infection, poisoning, trauma, or vascular disease of the brain. There are no specific manifestations. The most common encephalopathies resemble neuroses (asthenia, irritability, insomnia, headaches) or psychoses (narrowed scope of interests, passivity, emotional instability, vulgarity). Symptoms may include memory loss or mental deterioration.

Alcoholic encephalopathies are alcoholic psychoses. They may be acute, as in Wernicke’s encephalopathy (named for the German neuropathologist C. Wernicke, who described the condition in 1881), or chronic, as in Korsakov’s psychosis (named for S. S. Korsakov) and alcoholic pseudoparalysis. Lead encephalopathy is caused by chronic poisoning by lead salts.

Treatment for encephalopathies depends on the cause of the disease.

References in periodicals archive ?
9%), consistent with a previously unknown diffuse encephalopathic process from drugs, alcohol, an environmental toxin or from insufficiently addressed medical problems.
Although clinical data were often incomplete, all patients except one were extremely ill, with a range of clinical features and patterns: 8 were described as shocked and another as 'acutely ill'; 15 had one or more abnormal neurological findings reported (of whom 7 were encephalopathic, 2 had a decreased level of consciousness, 4 were fitting and 2 had meningism); and 10 patients had an acidotic breathing pattern.
Petrified auricular cartilages pointing the diagnosis of post-partum hypopituitarism in an encephalopathic patient.
Can cause anaphylactic or encephalopathic reaction to the vaccine.
1,3,6) The major adverse reaction caused by melarsoprol occurs in about 5-10% of treated cases and is called encephalopathic syndrome; a syndrome which is fatal for 10-70% of patients.
London Mayor Boris Johnson says: "They have taken the sword of common sense to the great bloated encephalopathic sacred cow of elf and safety, and for this effrontery they are being persecuted.
The first was that the combination measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine damages the gastrointestinal lining, thereby permitting the entrance of encephalopathic proteins and causing autism.
The patient was encephalopathic after the cardiac arrest, and it was unclear at that time whether the encephalopathy was due to anoxic brain injury or thyrotoxicosis.
A recent viral infection or vaccination usually induces the characteristic multifocal clinical presentation with encephalopathic symptoms (e.