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Any disease of the brain.



a collective term that designates a noninflammatory organic disease of the brain. Some encephalopathies are innate, resulting from embryopathy. Others are the result of infection, poisoning, trauma, or vascular disease of the brain. There are no specific manifestations. The most common encephalopathies resemble neuroses (asthenia, irritability, insomnia, headaches) or psychoses (narrowed scope of interests, passivity, emotional instability, vulgarity). Symptoms may include memory loss or mental deterioration.

Alcoholic encephalopathies are alcoholic psychoses. They may be acute, as in Wernicke’s encephalopathy (named for the German neuropathologist C. Wernicke, who described the condition in 1881), or chronic, as in Korsakov’s psychosis (named for S. S. Korsakov) and alcoholic pseudoparalysis. Lead encephalopathy is caused by chronic poisoning by lead salts.

Treatment for encephalopathies depends on the cause of the disease.

References in periodicals archive ?
Hyponatremia is considered to be a marker of worsening of the disease and increases the risk of hepatic encephalopathy about eight folds5.
Minimal hepatic encephalopathy is not detectable by routine clinical and laboratory tests, and specific psychometric/neurophysiological tests are needed for an accurate diagnosis.
Other causes of encephalopathy should be excluded (eg, electrolyte disturbances, hypoglycemia, uremia, sepsis, thyroid dysfunction).
Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy incidence and risk factors in North Western Saudi Arabia.
Two main mechanisms in the pathophysiology of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome include vasospasm and cytotoxic edema, accompanied by increased blood pressure and disruption in cerebral autoregulation, and development of vasogenic edema (2).
Both head hypothermia and whole-body hypothermia are effective techniques for the treatment of newborn encephalopathy.
The distinction between hypertensive encephalopathy and hypertensive PRES is based on the radiological findings, and it is very subtle.
The report provides a snapshot of the global therapeutic landscape of Encephalopathy
KEY WORDS: Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy, Illetrate, Compensated Cirrhosis.
Conclusions: This study concluded that a substantial number of patients with hepatic encephalopathy due to cirrhosis liver have infections.
La Prueba del Sindrome de Encefalopatia Portosistemica, mas conocido como el test psicometrico para encefalopatia hepatica (PHES) del ingles Psychometric Hepatic Encephalopathy Score, evalua la esfera cognitiva, y psicomotora, asi como la velocidad y la coordinacion visual y motora.
To explain the etiology of subacute encephalopathy we examined her autoimmune markers.