Reid has a box full of letters from parents/caregivers of children with enuresis or encopresis
and some make heart-wrenching reading.
Management of constipation and encopresis
in infants and children.
In Nick's case study, this occurs after the encopresis
is externalized as an oppressive influence in his life (in effect, excising it from Nick's identity and transforming it into a foe to be combated).
The DSM-IV indicates that approximately 1% of five-year-olds meet the criteria for encopresis
, and males are affected more frequently than females.
A good first step is to find a doctor who takes care of children with special healthcare needs and who knows about encopresis
Seen in this way, encopresis
should never be punished or derided.
is a bowel disorder that can be successfully treated.
Scripts address problems such as self-esteem, encopresis
, tics and habits, anxiety, obsessive thoughts and compulsive actions, sleep difficulties, bed-wetting, bullying, behavior problems, and learning and taking exams.
(White & Epston, 1990), sexual abuse (Draucker, 2003), and coping with medical illness (Eeltink, Duffy, & Sperry, 2004).
and enuresis were more common in a cohort of 93 children and adolescents aged 7-16 years with early adolescent bipolar disorder I phenotype, compared with 81 children with ADHD and 94 healthy controls, wrote Tricia Klages and her colleagues at Washington University in St.
Shirley founded--with the support of a great committee--the national Kiwi Enuresis and Encopresis
The social worker evaluated a young adolescent suffering from encopresis
(incontinence of feces not the result of an organic defect).