was observed on intrarenal (n=7), intravesical (n=4), or intraureteral (n=1) segments of the stents (Table 3).
A 35-cm ureteral sheath is usually used for women or mid-ureteral encrustation
and a 45-cm for men or proximal encrustations
and stone formation was seen more in the patients where stent indwelling period was more than three months as was also observed by other authors.
6 In our study, stents remained in place for maximum of two months despite those with encrustation
who had been lost to follow up.
This review concludes that most research in the previous decade has focused on understanding how catheter encrustations
develop and how such encrustations
may contribute to leaking/blockage of the catheter and urinary tract infection.
As noted earlier, blue/purple cryptocrystalline encrustations
also believed to be vivianite have been found on the creek cut bank clays and on gravel of the point bar.
investigated the potential use of NVC-422 as an irrigation solution to resolve catheter biofilm blockage and encrustation
caused by P.
When stents are used for long-term drainage, they typically require removal and/or replacement every three to six months because of encrustation
and subsequent blockage of the stent.
Let's cut away the encrustation
of former glories, those heady remembrances of things past, those lip services paid to history's icons.
1) The foreign body, which acts as the nucleus for encrustation
, can be either endogenous or exogenous.
This tip dip uses dry film technology to produce a nonstick coating, which protects jigs and tools against spatter encrustation
131 The quest, however, for precious materials can be a snare leading to deformation of ornament by gratuitous enrichment eg, encrustation
of gems and so on.