endocarp


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Related to endocarp: pericarp, exocarp

endocarp

[′en·dō‚kärp]
(botany)
The inner layer of the wall of a fruit or pericarp.
References in periodicals archive ?
The woody endocarp delays water accessing the seed interior and therefore does not impede germination (Cabello and Infante 1994).
Endocarps of Irvingia gabonensis were collected from farmers in Omu Aran, Kwara State of Nigeria; it was thoroughly washed to remove dirts and dried in an oven operated at 105 oC overnight.
The above mentioned authors classified some diagnostic characters in the pericarp structure, like: the sclerenchyma sheathes around the numerous and inconspicuous vascular bundles or around the secondary lateral bundles; parenchymatous or spongy mesocarp; and endocarp with strongly lengthen cells or of crossed fiber arrangement.
For identification of the residue using light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), comparative endocarp reference samples were taken from nutshell taxa recovered at various archaeological sites in the region (Table 1).
Nuts were split and separated into three layers: 1) the exo--and mesocarp; 2) the endocarp, and 3) the seminal coat, and placed in the freezer until analyzes were carried out.
Drupe fruits are formed of red exocarp, edible fleshy mesocarp, and stony endocarp with 1-2 seeds.
Afterward, in order to further soften the endocarp walls, the drupes were boiled in de-ionized water for 30 minutes, and then the endocarp was sectioned with a fresh razor blade.
Large-seeded species invest proportionately greater resources into physical defences, such as a thick endocarp or seed coat, in response to high predation risks (Fenner, 1983; Blate & al.
The number of damaged seeds was a conservative estimate based on visual observations of endocarp damage and did not include intact seeds.