endocarp


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Related to endocarp: pericarp, exocarp

endocarp

[′en·dō‚kärp]
(botany)
The inner layer of the wall of a fruit or pericarp.
References in periodicals archive ?
14]C results overlap, but the large uncertainty in the DeltaR error applied to shell/coral determinations indicates that the endocarp results provide a more accurate estimate of site/structure age.
by disinfecting with commercial 2% sodium hypochlorite for 10 minutes, followed by the extraction of the embryos from the endocarp and their inoculation into test tubes in a laminar flow cabinet.
In addition to hard woody endocarp, it seems the seed coat delays or decreases seed germination in this species.
In the dorsal dehiscence (Figuras 3B and D) the exocarp and outer mesocarp undergo few modifications, but the middle mesocarp and endocarp fibers, and macrosclereids are substituted gradually by isodiametric sclereids.
In scarification of seed with sand paper, seeds were rubbed between two pieces of sandpaper until the seed endocarp becomes slim.
guineensis guineensis CONTEXT endocarp kernels endocarp LOCUS B4C Layer 1 3.
In summary, no archaeological evidence exists for coconut in Panama before European conquest, as observed by Morcote-Rios and Bernal (2001: 342), even though "the woody endocarp of the coconut is an appropriate material to be preserved at archaeological sites in wet environments.
The macaw palm has been characterized as exceptionally promising due to the high oil content of the seeds and the fact that the fruits also produce edible meal, forage meal and a high-energy endocarp (MARTINS et al.
Other nut species used as Aboriginal food are more durable through their large size, their thick and tough endocarp, and their toxic properties, a deterrent to many predators.
Industrial apple pomace is composed of press residue from cider apples, wines, brandies, distilled or spirits and vinegars (SMOCK; NEUBERT, 1950) as well as components from the residual epidermis and endocarp obtained in the semi-industrial processes of freezing, canning, dehydration, and other processing (VIRK; SOGI, 2004).
2009) with additional characters, of longitudinal grooves, mesocarp furrows, fibers in mesocarp, endocarp grooves, and number of seeds, coded by the examination of herbarium material and fossil specimens (Table 3).
endocarp was also recovered from Panakiwuk (Marshall & Allen 1991: 88), while in Balof the early and late Holocene levels from c.