2003) found an increase in chondrocyte hypertrophy of the chondrogenic layer, increased endochondral
ossification and a marked increase in Metabolic activity in the group treated with LIPUS.
Some studies have demonstrated that forward positioning of the mandible causes cellular responses capable of promoting increase in cartilage by endochondral
ossification, culminating in bone neoformation (Leung, Rabie, & Hagg, 2004; Rabie, Leung, Chayanupatkul & Hagg, 2002a; Rabie et al.
BMP canonical Smad signaling through Smad1 and Smad5 is required for endochondral
Choline kinase beta is required for normal endochondral
The misdiagnosis may result in damaging sequelae such as disruption of the normal endochondral
ossification process (disruption of the growth plate).
pseudocyst, intra-cartilaginous auricular seroma cyst, cystic chondromalacia, and benign idiopathic cystic chondromalacia are various terminologies given to this disease.
The increase in length takes place on the level of growth (metaphysis) cartilage by endochondral
sup] These nodules can ossify by endochondral
bone formation and attach to the synovium by a thin vascular pedicle.
8,9] It is characterized by hypertrophy and endochondral
ossification of ligamentum flavum which leads to stenosis by progressively extending into the spinal canal.
Angiogenesis, the process of generating new blood vessels from pre-existing blood vessels, is involved in endochondral
bone formation and bone fracture repair.
Reactive oxygen species induce chondrocyte hypertrophy in endochondral
ossification," The Journal of Experimental Medicine, vol.
Reddi, "Influence of estrogen and progesterone on matrix-induced endochondral
bone formation," Calcified Tissue International, vol.