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Related to Endometritis: endometriosis


Inflammation of the endometrium.



inflammation of the endometrium—the mucous membrane of the uterus. Endometritis usually results from streptococcal, staphylococcal, gonococcal, or some other infection reaching the uterus after an abortion or complicated childbirth. It sometimes is a complication of another infectious disease, for example, tuberculosis. A focus of inflammation arises at the site of penetration of the causative agent; it may involve not only the endometrium but the muscular layer of the uterus as well.

Endometritis may be acute, subacute, or chronic. Acute endometritis is associated with malaise, weakness, elevated body temperature, pain in the lower abdomen, and prolonged vaginal bleeding. Pain and high temperature are usually absent in chronic endometritis; menorrhagia occurs as a result of decreased contractility of the uterine muscles and slow detachment of the mucous membrane. Endometritis is frequently combined with salpingo-oophoritis, and it may result in sterility. In tuberculous endometritis developing in childhood, the uterine mucous membrane may disappear completely because of extensive cicatrization; primary amenorrhea may result. Menorrhagia and metrorrhagia occur when the endometrium is affected at the child-bearing age.

Treatment depends on the nature and stage of the disease; it may involve the use of antibiotics or physical therapy. The disease can be prevented by making sure that the causative agents do not enter the body during childbirth or abortion.


Ginekologiia. Moscow, 1957.


References in periodicals archive ?
One study demonstrated a link between HLA DQA (allelic variant) 0301, chlamydial cervicitis, endometritis and reduced fertility (Ness 2004).
For the purposes of the current analysis, "those women with endometritis on the initial biopsy were asked to come back 12 weeks after treatment to undergo a second endometrial biopsy," Dr.
Atrophic or degenerative ovarian follicles, uterine atrophy, pyometra and endometritis were found in minks with ZEA feeding (20 mg/kg) by histopathological examination of reproductive tract (Yang et al.
Samples with evidence of endometritis, endometrial polyp, endometrial hyperplasia, or other pathologies were also excluded.
Samples from the 10 women who had miscarriages and positive PCR results showed various histologic features, including deciduitis, chorioamnionitis, and plasmocytes in the decidua, which are compatible with chronic endometritis.
But he explains to them that they have a higher risk of uterine rupture, are more likely to develop endometritis, and are less likely to have a successful vaginal delivery than are normal-weight women, based upon data from the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units Network.
There were three cases of post-abortion endometritis in the sharp curettage group and one in the misoprostol group.
To effect control of endometritis it is necessary to identify the at risk cows, use post calving checks, early treatment and optimise the health and nutrition of cows in the transition period.
Caesarean section is associated with an increased incidence of endometritis, a longer stay in hospital for the mother, an increased risk of haemorrhage, postpartum antibiotic treatment and severe maternal morbidity and mortality.
BV is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, upper genital tract infections such as pelvic inflammatory disease, endometritis, post-gynecologic-surgery infections, cervicitis, urinary tract infections, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, and increased risk of sexual acquisition of human immunodeficiency virus infection (Cauci et al.
The fevers were persistent despite previous treatment with antibiotics for endometritis and a resultant Staphylococcus aureus septicemia.
The organism has been identified in cases of pneumonia, endocarditis, arthritis, peritonitis, corneal ulcer, bacteremia, wound infections, postpartum endometritis, and episiotomy infections.