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any instrument used to look inside the body. Usually consisting of a fiber-optic tube attached to a viewing device, endoscopes are used to explore and biopsy such areas as the colon and the bronchi of the lungs. Endoscopes employing miniature television cameras and tiny surgical implements now allow exploration and endoscopic surgery through small incisions; such surgery is much less traumatic to the patient than traditional open surgery. Laparoscopic surgery, in which the endoscope is inserted through a small incision in the abdomen or chest, is used to correct abnormalities of the ovaries and as an alternative to traditional gall bladder and chest surgery. Arthroscopic surgery is endoscopic surgery performed on joints such as the knee or shoulder.



a medical instrument for the examination of hollow organs (for example, the esophagus, stomach, and bronchi) and the abdominal and other body cavities. Endoscopes have optical and illumination systems. There are two basic types: rigid endoscopes (for example, proctoscopes), which use optical systems of lenses, and flexible fiberscopes (for example, esophago-gastroscopes), which use fiber optics. Fiberscopes make possible the examination of organs that cannot be seen with rigid endoscopes (for example, the duodenum). The optical systems of flexible endoscopes consist of numerous glass fibers (light guides), which measure 0.01–0.02 mm in diameter.

The use of endoscopes not only has made possible the examination of various organs but also has aided greatly in the visual guiding of biopsy procedures and in surgery (removal of foreign bodies and polyps, coagulation of bleeding vessels). Modern endoscopes permit complication-free examination.


An instrument used to visualize the interior of a body cavity or hollow organ.
References in periodicals archive ?
The format of the questionnaire was designed to gather information on the number of endoscopists and the registered qualification (e.
These results were confirmed by Peters et al (17) with significantly higher adenoma detection rates among colonoscopies that included a gastroenterology fellow compared to those performed by the attending endoscopist alone (34.
Another survey done in Japan between 275 endoscopists and 173 non-endoscopists had 70% response rate.
If the endoscopist is a surgeon, this may aid in treatment planning by enabling evaluation of endoscopic findings along with the knowledge obtained during surgical training.
All lesions were successfully resected by a single experienced endoscopist through double- channel gastroscope or ordinary gastroscope.
Kempin said five nurse endoscopists were beginning their training next month, with two university papers leading to a graduate certificate through the University of Auckland.
pylori seropositivity in endoscopists could not be confirmed in this study, which may have been under-powered.
Early colonoscopy was recommended by endoscopists following more than one-half of the initial colonoscopies.
Most endoscopists who care about quality are detecting adenomas much more than 33 or 40 percent of the time in men.
A multi-disciplinary team approach is required where obstetricians, biliary endoscopists and anaesthetists should work side by side in close coordination for the transcendent management, mak ing the procedure imper vious to any complications.
All three study endoscopists were experienced, and had comparable rates of adenoma detection.