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Related to Endoscopy: gastrointestinal endoscopy



examination by means of an optical instrument, or endoscope, of hollow organs (for example, the esophagus— esophagoscopy) and body cavities (for example, the abdominal cavity—laparoscopy). Endoscopes are introduced through natural openings (as in bronchoscopy, proctoscopy, or cystoscopy) or through surgical incisions (as in mediastinoscopy). Endoscopy is performed under local or general anesthesia.

The first attempts to examine the urinary bladder and other hollow organs were made as early as the 19th century, but the inadequacy of the endoscopes limited development of the procedures. The possibilities of endoscopy have greatly increased since the second half of the 20th century, with the development of glass-fiber light guides and of instruments of fiber optics based on such light guides. Examination of almost all organs has become possible, and the illumination of the examined object has increased. Conditions for photographing and filming (endophotography and endocinematography) have improved, and it is now possible to make monochromatic and color videotape recordings (modifications of standard cameras and motion-picture cameras are used).

Documentation of the results of endoscopic examination have made possible objective study of the dynamics of pathological processes occurring in any organ. Modern endoscopy plays a special role in diagnosing the early stages of many diseases. The procedure is often combined with endoscopic biopsy, therapeutic measures, and catheterization. Endoscopic offices and departments have been established in many large medical institutions, and some physicians now specialize in endoscopy.


Lukomskii, G. I., and Iu. E. Berezov. Endoskopicheskaia tekhnika v khirurgii. Moscow, 1967.
Loginov, A. S. Laparoskopiia v klinike vnutrennikh boleznei. Moscow, 1969.
Sokolov, L. K. Atlas endoskopii zheludka i dvenadtsatiperstnoi kishki. Moscow, 1975.


References in periodicals archive ?
Complete report on Capsule Endoscopy market divided into 13 major chapters that offer an overview of current market scenario as well as Capsule Endoscopy forecasts is now available at
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Physicians using the MammoView Breast Endoscopy System can detect cancerous cells at .
The initial aim was to investigate colonoscopy services in New Zealand but the focus quickly widened to the whole endoscopy service.
Albert and associates at Martin-Luther-University Hospitals and Clinics in Halle, Germany, reported on 293 capsule endoscopy results in 285 patients seen at five study centers between 2001 and 2004.
Methods: Adult patients presenting to us for outpatient endoscopy at two large tertiary care level 1 trauma hospitals were asked to fill out a survey questionnaire recording their demographic information, prior experience with endoscopy and sedation, and whether they were willing to undergo unsedated endoscopy.
However, because of more frequent use of upper endoscopy, foregut Crohn's disease has been shown to be more common than previously suspected.
Until capsule endoscopy, physicians have used a variety of procedures for diagnosis including endoscopy and barium x-ray.
We can't access the small intestine in the same way that we can look at the other parts of the gastrointestinal tract," says David L Carr-Locke, president of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy and director of endoscopy at Brigham & Women's Hospital.
Capsule endoscopy is, however, more expensive than the other procedures.
It will be exciting to see how the results of endoscopy studies translate to differences in event rates and tolerability in clinical practice," said Dr.
Endoscopy must be done by a doctor trained in the procedure, usually a gastroenterologist, but, said Dr.