Enteroviruses


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Related to Enteroviruses: enteroviral, coxsackievirus

Enteroviruses

 

a genus of small acid-resistant viruses that contain a single-strand molecule of RNA.

Enteroviruses belong to the family of picornaviruses. They mainly inhabit the intestine of vertebrates, including man, often spreading to and affecting other organs. Enteroviruses include the three types of poliomyelitis virus, which cause disease of the central nervous system and paralysis. Another major group of the genus are the Coxsackie viruses (groups A and B, embracing 30 types), causative agents of encephalomyocarditis of the newborn, pericarditis, aseptic meningitis, and other diseases of man. Enteroviruses also include echoviruses, enterovirus of cows and pigs, the virus of hepatitis in ducks, the virus of encephalomyelitis in mice, and several other enteroviruses of vertebrate animals.

REFERENCES

Zhdanov, V. M., and S. Ia. Gaidamovich. Virusologiia. Moscow, 1966.
The Biology of Animal Viruses, 2nd ed. New York, 1974.
References in periodicals archive ?
Children with PID are at risk for prolonged infection with enteroviruses and may excrete iVDPV after receiving OPV or after being exposed to contacts excreting poliovirus.
Conclusion: In contrast to Asian countries, enteroviruses caused benign and self-limited disease in our country.
We used three cell lines for enteroviruses (BGM, RD, and CaCo-2 cell lines) and two for adenoviruses (Graham 293 and A549 cell lines).
The levels of antibodies against CoxA16, EV716, or other common enteroviruses known to cause HFMD in acute and convalescent serum increased by over four times when compared to normal controls.
To date, no specific validated method has become available for detection of viral aerosols, nor has aerosol transmission of enteroviruses been established.
The RT-PCR primer and probe target sequences within this region, although not perfectly homologous, are to a great extent conserved among the human enteroviruses (11).
Enteroviruses invading the brain can cause encephalitis, a serious danger for children living in unsanitary conditions in developing countries.
According to the Centers for Disease Control, enteroviruses cause an estimated 10 to 15 million symptomatic cases a year in the United States," said Howard C.
For example, ALS-damaged nerve tissue shows little inflammation, he says, unlike tissue infected with enteroviruses such as polio.
The Centers for Disease Control estimates that enteroviruses are responsible for approximately 10-15 million infections a year in the United States, making them the second leading cause of viral infection in humans after the rhinoviruses, which cause the common cold.
Enteroviruses are the most common viruses circulating worldwide and lead to a broad spectrum of clinical illnesses: respiratory infection; hand, foot, and mouth disease; acute and chronic cardiac disease; meningitis; and encephalitis (1).
Enteroviruses (EVs) and human parechoviruses (HPeVs) are small, non-enveloped RNA viruses in the Picornaviridae family, which are known or suspected to cause a spectrum of clinical manifestations in humans.