epicarp


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Related to epicarp: endocarp, mesocarp, pericarp

epicarp

[′ep·ə‚kärp]
(botany)
The outer layer of the pericarp. Also known as exocarp.
References in periodicals archive ?
Epicarp was removed before the PPF production, and there are structures for mechanical defence of lipid origin in the cell wall, such as waxes and resins (Soares & Machado, 2007), which might increase the EE content if PPF is produced using also the epicarp.
3] and IAA, surgical exposure of the embryo by removing the seed wall, epicarp and mesocarp, chilling and incubation under alternating light and dark and continuous dark conditions in order to break dormancy (Table 3, Figure 1F).
5 mm Indument of Pistil Densely covered Glabrous with whitish trichomes to 1 mm long Epicarp Brown, spinulose Mostly red, smooth
Fruit 1(-2) seeded with apical stigmatic remains, subglobose, obovoid, ellipsoid, top-shaped, pear-shaped, short to long beaked; epicarp brown, yellowish or orange-red, not splitting when ripe, or splitting and spreading to expose the endocarp, tomentose, setulose or glabrous, unarmed or armed with flattened, brown or black, up to 1,5 cm long spines; mesocarp 2-10 mm thick, fleshy or dry and starchy, [+ or -]fibrous; endocarp thick, stony, with flattened black fibers forming a star-like pattern around the germinating pores, these located in the distal part; endosperm homogeneous.
Designation, epicarp color, plant color, glume color and pedigree of Tx2912 through Tx2920.
But the epicarp and the flesh it surrounds (mesocarp), may be quite tasty to an animal, ensuring a means of dispersal.
Epicarp color (lightness, L*; chroma c*; and hue angle, h) was measured on the two opposite sides of a cross section of each fruit with the use of an X-Rite spectrophotometer (mod.
TABLE 4: Analytical results for epicarp, pulp and seeds of Hymenaea courbaril from Campestre de Goias and fertilizer recommendation for tree replacement.
The fruits are ellipsoidal, with 5-12 cm in length, and 7-12 cm in diameter, with red epicarp, white pulp (Anderson, 2001), and black seeds, which are secondarily dispersed by ants (Leal et al.
The maturation stage is usually evaluated based on the color of the epicarp, and positive results regarding the germination percentage have been produced when fruits are harvested in more advanced maturation stages (IOSSI et al.
Flowering takes place between Nov and Dec, and the globular fruits have a yellow epicarp when ripe (Fig.