epidural

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epidural

1. upon or outside the dura mater
2. 
a. injection of anaesthetic into the space outside the dura mater enveloping the spinal cord
b. anaesthesia induced by this method

epidural

[¦ep·ə¦du̇r·əl]
(anatomy)
Located on or over the dura mater.
References in periodicals archive ?
In our opinion, there have only been a few paradigm shifts for labor pain management, for example, the discovery of local anesthetics and their utilization to provide spinal and/or epidural analgesia; and the finding of opioid receptors in the spinal cord that has facilitated the use of neuraxial opioids.
Material and Methods: Extent of catheter migration was studied in 240 patients receiving epidural analgesia for labor analgesia.
Medical R&D company Milestone Scientific (NYSE MKT:MLSS) revealed on Tuesday that it has started the first shipments of its CompuFlo Epidural Instrument to distributors and key opinion leaders in Europe through its Epidural & Intra-Articular (IA) subsidiary.
With unilateral sciatica treated by caudal epidural injection of procaine & saline.
I duly had my epidural and my baby with an easy birth and became a fan of EA.
Ban Leong Sng, head of women's anesthesia at KK Women's and Children's Hospital in Singapore, said in a statement, speaking about mothers who ask for an epidural early in their labor.
Recent studies reported that epidural analgesia reduces morbidity after major thoracic, abdominal and vascular surgeries, but in patients with rib fractures, retrospective studies showed inconsistent benefits of epidural analgesia compared to other analgesic modalities.
Unintentionally, we suggested the findings of Niraj (2) and colleagues concluded no difference in opioid administration between the treatment groups of epidural versus subcostal TAP catheters, when in fact the results of the study demonstrated no statistically significant difference in pain scores on coughing between the groups.
demonstrates the high risk of harm if medications intended for epidural administration are inadvertently administered intravenously (ISMP, 2006, August; Wahlberg, 2007):
Epidurals were created to remove the pain of childbirth.
Women who had epidurals were found to be around 40% more likely to need an instrumental delivery, such as using forceps or suction cups, than other women.
The author, (1) the editorialist, (2) and the press reported that women need not worry that an early epidural will lead to an increased likelihood of cesarean section.