Secondly, its epiphallus
is more elongated and cylindrical (i.
divided medially, with moderately small or large ancorae, small lateral plates and long, narrow, upcurving lophi with acute apices.
Phallus in two parts: basiphallus short but usually high, well sclerotised without epiphallus
, distiphallus varying, mostly with large ventral lobe(s), always shorter than phallapodeme, which is strong.
2D-E); hypophallus less than the length of paraphallus; epiphallus
long and thin (Fig.
G) Ancorae of epiphallus
straight, turning outward lophi elongated (Fig.
Diagnosis: Body usually slender; pronotum usually with median and lateral carinae; tegmina and wings fully developed; spurious median vein of tegmina usually absent; prosternal process usually absent; femoro-tegminal stridulatory mechanism absent; hind femur without row of modified peg like structures at lower edge of inner surface; male with epiphallus
bridge shaped having ancorae and lophi, aedeagus with basal apical valves connected by flexure.
formed by plates 1 & 2, large and well sclerified.
A 10% NaOH solution was used to clear the attached muscles from the epiphallus
size small, ancorae of medium length, turning outwards; lophi elongate, not lobe-shaped pointed inwards, with subacute apices.
8) Penis with an epiphallus
, 9) Uterus longer than prostate and much larger and longer than free oviduct + vagina.
The location in the male genitalia of Avakubia where a spermatophore could be produced is unclear; a possibility may be the dilated, muscular portion of the vas deferens shortly before it enters the penis, which may then be termed epiphallus
bridge-shaped, undivided, quite large in relation to the phallus, about as wide as the endophallus is long.