2004a), and immunocytochemical studies provided evidence that NMDA receptors exist on the surface of nerve cells, nematocytes, myonemes of epitheliomuscular cells
, and interstitial stem cells (Scappaticci et al.
Whereas control animals that were hybridized with actin antisense probes labeled strongly in the mesenteries, which are rich in epitheliomuscular cells
The movement of the fluid in gastrovascular systems of cnidarians could be driven by contractions of the epitheliomuscular cells
(Van Winkle and Blackstone, 1997) or contractile vacuoles (Schierwater et al.