equivalence principle


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Related to equivalence principle: general relativity

equivalence principle

(i-kwiv -ă-lĕns) The principle that, on a local scale, the physical effects of a uniform acceleration of some frame of reference imitates completely the behavior in a uniform gravitational field. This equivalence of the two frames of reference was introduced by Albert Einstein in his general theory of relativity. It is a generalization of the observed direct proportionality between gravitational and inertial mass.

equivalence principle

[i′kwiv·ə·ləns ‚prin·sə·pəl]
(relativity)
In general relativity, the principle that the observable local effects of a gravitational field are indistinguishable from those arising from acceleration of the frame of reference. Also known as Einstein's equivalency principle; principle of equivalence.
References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore, some boundaries must be placed on the use of the equivalence principle to account for this issue.
Many scientists think that finding a flaw in general relativity, perhaps in the equivalence principle, may lead to a way to reconcile the two theories.
All three of these types of experiments--G measurements, Equivalence Principle and inverse-square law tests--however, are static measurements in the sense that the test masses were not free to move beyond a small distance compared to the size of the source mass.
Together (4) and (6) amount to the derivation of gravity as a quantum effect, explaining both the equivalence principle (g in (6) is independent of m) and the Lense-Thirring effect.
Tests of the equivalence principle hinge on the idea that the moon's orbit would be distorted in a particular way if the Earth's gravitational binding energy, which contributes about 5 part in [10.
We can formulate an enhanced equivalence principle this way.
a check for a violation of the strong equivalence principle (SEP) whether the outcomes of local gravitational experiments depend on the location of the laboratory relative to a nearby gravitating body; [[alpha].
As shown in [3] gravity is a quantum effect where the quantum waves are refracted by the 3-space, and that analysis also gave a first derivation of the equivalence principle.
The emergence of an Extra Force term in the reduction process and the possibility to recover the masses of particles, allow to reinterpret the Equivalence Principle as a dynamical consequence which naturally "selects" geodesics from metric structure and vice-versa the metric structure from the geodesics.
This is a good counter example for those who claimed that Einstein's equivalence principle is not important or even irrelevant.
Then, if the equivalence principle is satisfied, the light speeds are determined by [ds.
It is shown that from this equation the equivalence principle may be derived as a quantum effect, and that as well this generalized Schrodinger equation determines the effects of vorticity of the 3-space flow, or "frame-dragging", on matter, and which is being studied by the Gravity Probe B (GP-B) satellite gyroscope experiment.