Erythronium

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Erythronium

 

a genus of herbaceous bulbous plants of the family Liliaceae. The bulb is ovoid and cylindrical; the stalk is usually short (10–30 cm, rarely up to 60 cm) with two unmottled or mottled basal leaves and one or several nodding flowers. The perianth segments, which are pinkish purple, yellow, or white, are recurved. There are approximately 25 species, found primarily in the mountainous regions of North America. Some species are also found in the mountains of Western Europe (Erythronium dens canis), the Caucasus (E. caucasicum), Southern Siberia (E. sibiricum), and Japan. Some species are used as ornamentals in gardens and parks. They are often grown in special gardens of alpine vegetation.

References in periodicals archive ?
Erythronium Pagoda is a robust hybrid which has clear yellow blooms which really do look like little pagoda roofs.
Erythroniums or dog's tooth violets like moist woodland soil and have charming, nodding bonnets of pink, purple or softly yellow flowers.
Erythronium dens canis is the smallest, with pale pink flowers.
Add a few extra hellebores, wild cyclamen, pulmonarias, erythroniums, wild primroses, digitalis, dicentra or epimediums to the shadier parts of the garden and it will surely stand out from the crowd.
There is also a rockery containing tulips and a woodland garden, Silverwood, which erythroniums and scilles inhabit.
Other hybrid erythroniums worth acquiring are eryth- ronium white beauty and erythronium pagoda.
Erythroniums, with their lovely common name, Dog's Tooth Violet, are perfect spring flowers for a shady spot.
As the plants do not normally reach any higher than about 200 mm (8"), the clumps can be planted alongside other shade loving plants such Primroses, Snowdrops, Erythroniums, Wild Garlic, Hellebores, Trilliums and Winter Aconites to get the full spring display.