euphuism


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euphuism

(yo͞o`fyo͞oĭzəm), in English literature, a highly elaborate and artificial style that derived from the Euphues (1578) of John LylyLyly or Lilly, John
, 1554?–1606, English dramatist and prose writer. An accomplished courtier, he also served as a member of Parliament from 1589 to 1601.
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 and that flourished in England in the 1580s. It was characterized by extensive use of simile and illustration, balanced construction, alliteration, and antithesis. Euphuism played an important role in English literary history by demonstrating the capabilities of English prose. The term has come to mean an artificial, precious, high-flown style of writing.

Euphuism

 

a florid, elegant style in English literature of the last third of the 16th century, consisting entirely of rhetorical turns of phrase and figures of speech; its guiding principle was a syntactic, lexical, and phonetic parallelism (J. Lyly’s novel Euphues, the source of the term, the novels of R. Greene, and the early comedies of Shakespeare). Euphuism helped enrich the language of English literature and bring about its rapprochement with other European literatures. Karamzinism in Russian literature from 1790 to the 1810’s is an analogous development.

In a broader sense, euphuism denotes a grandiloquent style replete with tropes, metaphors, and periphrases.

euphuism

style overly rich with alliteration, figures, and Latinisms. [Br. Lit.: Euphues, Espy, 127]
References in periodicals archive ?
He continues by explicitly defining the technical elements of Lyly's Euphuistic style, working his way toward the reasons that Euphuism eventually became a tool for comedy and satire.
In the figures of Falstaff and Polonius, both of whom can be seen as precursors of the bombastic Ignatius, Shakespeare used Euphuism satirically by having these alazons deliver their speeches in Lylyan prose.
Watching Thelma Toole, who gave elocution and dramatic speaking lessons to neighborhood children, including young Kenny, and whose sense of decorum was an affectation even by midcentury standards in New Orleans, may have led to Toole's early interest in Lyly and Euphuism.
He is informed by the Rabelaisian tradition, to be sure, but what has not been noted or explored, however, is that Toole's early study of Lyly and Euphuism is probably a direct and important influence on the text, though certainly one of many.
features of euphuism had undoubtedly become a target for ridicule by the
The Death of Euphues: Euphuism and Decadence in Late Victorian Literature.
For a fine discussion of the uses of Euphuism by Pater and other late-nineteenth-century "decadents," see Osterman-Johansen.
It had counterparts in the Marinism of Italy (see Giambattista Marino ) and the euphuism of England.
Considered by some to be the best of the imitators of Lyly and the Euphuistic style (see euphuism ), Lodge wrote several prose romances, including Rosalynde, Euphues ' Golden Legacie (printed 1590), his most famous work, which provided Shakespeare with the plot for As You Like It.
It was widely imitated for many years, notably by Robert Greene and Thomas Lodge, and has come to be known as euphuistic (see Euphues; euphuism ).
The US government uses a number of deceptions, definitional illusions and euphuisms to drastically undercount the number of US forces involved in Iraq--including counting only 'combat forces' and 'military personnel'.
Note for example the preponderance Of euphuisms in a speech supposed to be "extempore.