eurocommunism


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eurocommunism

a term denoting the political changes that occurred in the Communist parties of Western Europe (particularly the French, Italian, Spanish and British Communist parties) during the 1970s, involving the development of national, liberal and democratic strategies for the achievement of socialism (Machin, 1983). In his book Eurocommunism and the State (1977), Santiago Carrillo, the Spanish Communist leader, rejected the Russian model of revolutionary socialist development as being inappropriate for advanced capitalist societies. The only way forward for Communist parties was ‘by the democratic, multi-party, parliamentary road’. Eurocommunists also asserted their independence from the Soviet government, which was criticized for its internal repression of dissidents and for the military occupation of Czechoslovakia in 1968. See also COMMUNISM, SOCIALISM. STATE SOCIALIST COUNTRIES.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1978, the French Communists were to publish a book with a similar title, L'URSS et nous (The USSR and us) (48), and it is at this stage that the two parties, protagonists with the Spanish party of the experience Eurocommunism, reached the greatest level of closeness and engaged in the search for a 'third way', different from Soviet socialism and the social democratic experience; a way that combined unequivocally democracy and socialism (49).
During the heyday of Eurocommunism, some Marxists sought to develop a better understanding of the relationships between the economic, political and cultural 'levels' of capitalism, and began to see how change in one of these areas might be applied to the others.
In Search of Eurocommunism, Londres, MacMillan, 1981.
In 1957, Marzani published The Open Marxism of Antonio Gramsci, a translation and annotation of a number of essays from Gramsci's prison notes; in the 1970s he continued his study of European communism, writing The Promise of Eurocommunism (1980), a detailed and critical analysis of Western European communism in the 1960s and 1970s.
Keywords: Eurocommunism, Spanish Communist Party, Italy, Santiago Carrillo, Communism.
Nugud was a sharp intellectual well versed in Marxist classics and the literature of Eurocommunism.
In a sense, such Western intra-Left debates as the "New Left" and Eurocommunism had its impact in Turkey after a delay of two decades.
Lopez Miera is considered extremely knowledgeable, influenced by European culture and familiar with the ideas of Eurocommunism.
70) In general, while the CPUSA had chosen to identify with the Soviet party, Novick's circle was becoming increasingly independent and sympathetic to communist currents, dissenting from the Moscow general line, notably EuroCommunism.
Hence, their "program": a rejection of authority of any kind whatsoever (be it right or left), a pessimistic belief that the Master (any form of authoritarian power, from parents to state) is ineliminable, that the only moral alternative is neutrality or a Christian detachment from the arena of power, that the only political alternative is a perpetual revolt which dances constantly out of the grasp of the Master in the hope of a future free from mastery; a condemnation of reason as a weapon which reinforces mastery in the form of state power; and finally (and it is this which has earned them notoriety) an arraignment of Eurocommunism, as well as of Marx and of socialism in general, as a modern Master, whose inevitable expression is Gulag.
Although Elliott now recognizes a number of deficiencies in the study, including a misreading of Althusser's attitude toward Eurocommunism and levity in discussing Maoism, he has resisted the urge to revise the text beyond expanding the bibliography of Althusser's published writings, adding a long postscript in which he takes stock of Althusser's posthumously published work, some incidental stylistic revisions, and updated references.
The reformists' broad church was an informal coalition between party officials, intellectuals, and activists influenced by the ideas of Antonio Gramsci, Eurocommunism, and anti-Stalinism and drawn to the ideas and practices of the "new" social movements and the Italian CP.