evolutionary psychology


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evolutionary psychology

a branch of PSYCHOLOGY that seeks to identify universal human psychological mechanisms/ capacities by grounding exploration in a ‘reverse engineering’, in assumptions about those environments – specifically HUNTER-GATHERER society – in which human capacities will have evolved by Darwinian natural and sexual selection. It regards itself as far from neglecting CULTURE and learning, but as potentially providing a better grounding and understanding of these, not reductionistically, but in a manner which acknowledges ‘emergence’. Topics treated in this way, include LANGUAGE capacity, EXCHANGE, COOPERATION (see Barkow, Cosmides and Tooby). Although criticized by theorists such as Gould (19), as involving ‘just so stories ’, lacking crucial tests, evolutionary psychology presents itself as a ‘scientifically realist’ theory.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, Seabright, Vernon Smith, and Leeson (and evolutionary psychology more generally) do not provide any real discussion of the ways in which the use of money and the emergence of money prices are the key factors that facilitate the rational calculation necessary for cooperation in anonymity.
A number of counter-arguments to any analysis involving evolutionary psychology exist, the first being the social construction of ideology.
Perhaps a good place to begin an inquiry into the relationship between evolutionary psychology and behaviorism is to examine what we know about the evolution of learning.
Others accuse practitioners of evolutionary psychology of political or cultural naivete.
25) Such continuity is consistent with the cross-national data summarized by Daly and Wilson and supports the evolutionary psychology perspective.
It may not convince everyone of the merits of evolutionary psychology, but it should certainly undermine the default assumption that the Darwinian theory of the mind is implicitly a reactionary one.
In the second response, Saucy affirms and adds to Van Leeuwen's critique of evolutionary psychology from a distinctly theological perspective, ending with an implicit challenge to live out our sexuality in keeping with our God given nature and His divine will for our lives.
The field of evolutionary psychology has presented ample evidence that negative reactions to the promotion process are to be expected.
Some indicators of a human nature are the `invisibles unities' described by the populariser of evolutionary psychology, Robert Wright, in The Moral Animal.
Angier shows how cultural biases have influenced research in evolutionary psychology and consequently lead to dubious conclusions about "female nature," such as the idea that women are innately monogamous while men are natural philanderers.
In evolutionary psychology explanations of human natural and of individual differences abound, and so it has become a hot topic.

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