excess


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excess

1. Chem a quantity of a reagent that is greater than the quantity required to complete a reaction
2. Commerce payable as a result of previous underpayment
References in classic literature ?
The excess of liberty, whether in States or individuals, seems only to pass into excess of slavery.
According to medieval physiology there were four chief liquids in the human body, namely blood, phlegm, bile, and black bile, and an excess of any of them produced an undue predominance of the corresponding quality; thus, an excess of phlegm made a person phlegmatic, or dull; or an excess of black bile, melancholy.
Temperament is the veto or limitation-power in the constitution, very justly applied to restrain an opposite excess in the constitution, but absurdly offered as a bar to original equity.
Life itself is a mixture of power and form, and will not bear the least excess of either.
The fine young people despise life, but in me, and in such as with me are free from dyspepsia, and to whom a day is a sound and solid good, it is a great excess of politeness to look scornful and to cry for company.
Each of these elements in excess makes a mischief as hurtful as its defect.
Suppose, as has been contended for, the federal power of taxation were to be confined to duties on imports, it is evident that the government, for want of being able to command other resources, would frequently be tempted to extend these duties to an injurious excess.
But even if this supposed excess should not be a consequence of the limitation of the federal power of taxation, the inequalities spoken of would still ensue, though not in the same degree, from the other causes that have been noticed.
123(R)-3 allowing most companies until at least November 11, 2006, to determine a method for computing the pool of excess tax benefits, there is still time for CPAs to help companies prepare for the deferred tax issues Statement no.
In County of San Diego, the California Supreme Court again focused on specific wording in the insuring agreement, but held that excess policy language restricted coverage to court-ordered money judgments and did not include cleanup expenses incurred in responding to government orders.
Automatic' Excess Benefit Transactions Under IRC 4958," the IRS stated that if an applicable organization conveys an economic benefit to a disqualified person and such benefit is not treated as compensation, the IRS will consider the economic benefit an "automatic" excess-benefit transaction, even if the amount of the benefit is reasonable.