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term frequently applied to an organized public fair or display of industrial and artistic productions, designed usually to promote trade and to reflect cultural progress.
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in art, a display of various works of art, as well as artifacts of material culture or historical documents, that is presented according to a definite system in a museum, in an exhibition hall, or in the open air.
The purpose and tasks of both temporary and permanent exhibitions are to make as clear as possible the artistic or scientific value of the exhibits, their place in the historicocultural process, and their specific features. An exhibition may be arranged without a fixed plan, or the visitor’s viewing route may be taken into account. Today, exhibitions are often provided with equipment designed to preserve the material on view by regulating, for example, temperature and humidity. Labels that provide a brief description of an exhibit are used, as is more extended documentation.
The arrangement of an exhibition is of great importance in art museums; one of the finest museum exhibitions in the USSR is the permanent collection at the Hermitage in Leningrad. Interesting possibilities for arranging works of various types of art—graphic art, painting, sculpture, and applied art—in a single display were discovered when laying out the art sections of the Soviet pavilions at the world’s fairs of the 1960’s and 1970’s.