exogamy

(redirected from exogamous)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

exogamy

(ĕksŏg`əmē): see marriagemarriage,
socially sanctioned union that reproduces the family. In all societies the choice of partners is generally guided by rules of exogamy (the obligation to marry outside a group); some societies also have rules of endogamy (the obligation to marry within a group).
..... Click the link for more information.
.

exogamy

a rule prescribing marriage outside a given social group. The group may belong to a LINEAGE, CASTE, CLASS, ethnic affiliation or other social classification. Structural anthropologists have seen this practice as an exchange of women between groups which contributes to social stability. It may, therefore, be enforced by the use of INCEST TABOOs. The converse of exogamy is ENDOGAMY.

Exogamy

 

the practice of marrying only outside one’s own group, as prescribed by law or custom in the age of the primitive communal system. The ban could apply to marriages within one’s family group (such as the clan or phratry) or, more rarely, to marriages within one’s regional group or community. The prohibition against such marriages was retained in later times.

There are numerous theories concerning the origin of exogamy; the theories basically fall into three groups. Some researchers, including L. H. Morgan, believe the practice arose from the need to avoid the possibly harmful consequences of marriages between blood relatives. Others, including E. Tylor, A. M. Zolota-rev, and C. Levi-Strauss, regard it as an attempt to expand social contacts and initiate relations with other groups. Still others, including S. P. Tolstov and Iu. I. Semenov, regard it as a means of establishing social peace within a group, since sexual relations and the conflicts that accompany them are thus carried beyond the confines of the group.

REFERENCES

Engels, F. Proiskhozhdenie sem’i, chastnoi sobstvennosti i gosudarstva. In K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed, vol. 21.
Semenov, Iu. I. Proiskhozhdenie braka i sem’i. Moscow, 1974.
Pervobytnoe obshchestvo: Osnovnye problemy razvitiia. Moscow, 1975.

exogamy

[ek′säg·ə·mē]
(genetics)
Union of gametes from organisms that are not closely related. Also known as outbreeding.
References in periodicals archive ?
This is likely to be a lower cost solution than a requirement that marriages be exogamous with respect to the community as a whole.
One of these is related to age (or cohort), with younger women at all dates and younger men in 1911 and 1941 being more likely to be involved in an exogamous marriage than older spouses.
While the introduction presents these two argumentative strands as necessarily linked, the conflict between endogamous and exogamous marriages forms a substantive facet of her analysis primarily in Trollope and James.
The Nuba are an exogamous society -- that is, marriage within the clan is being forbidden.
Judith Butler observes that in Levi-Strauss's structuralist anthropology the female body is acculturated through the exogamous processes of exchange upon which heterosexual, patriarchal societies are founded:
Culturally, Guayaberos have not participated, nor they currently do, in the exogamous system of the Vaupes.
Two major clans, (what cultural anthropologists commonly term "moieties")--Ravens and Eagles--frame social structure generally, and regulate exogamous marriage patterns.
The highest relative increase is evident in regions where Counter Reformation processes historically never took place and due to migration and exogamous marriages the absolute number of Lutherans grew.
Since the circulation of women is performed in a one-way direction, this kind of exchange involves at least three lineages or marriage groups belonging to different exogamous clans.
This conservative approach to evaluating interventions in Indian country has ensured that exogamous treatments--usually proffered with locally salient cultural packaging--have received scientific attention while truly indigenous alternatives have not (Gone 201 la).
During all of these troubled times Indonesian unity was affirmed in its endogamous Javanese-Hindu past and not in the exogamous Islamic umma.
Furthermore, exogamous unions and a cross-dressing man who infiltrates a harem to be with the woman he loves further raise questions of identities and allegiances in the plays.