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(1) A specialist (in, for example, an area of science, technology, or art) who is invited to help study problems whose solution requires specialized knowledge (see).

(2) In law, a person who has specialized knowledge and is asked to conduct an examination (see). The request may come from agencies of investigation, the court, other governmental agencies (such as an arbitration tribunal), or nongovernmental agencies (such as an arbitration board). In the USSR the work of an expert is regulated by procedural legislation and statutes that pertain to the institutions conducting examinations. Questions that are decided by an expert should not involve the juridical aspects of a criminal or civil case. Conclusions are presented by the expert in written form. The expert may be held criminally responsible for knowingly giving a false conclusion or for refusing without reason to present his conclusion.

References in periodicals archive ?
Thesis of elder expertness of propagation and edication of agriculture field, Tarbiat Modarres university.
Time-limited practicum supervision: Patterns of change in the working alliance and perceived supervisor expertness, trustworthiness, and attractiveness (Unpublished doctoral dissertation).
Instead, the Court urged deference for matters that are "within [the] special competence" of the agency and matters over which the agency "carr[ies] the authority of an expertness which courts do not possess.
Second, the measurement of expertness is dichotomous due to the assumption that experts are employees working for stock trading companies.
Another benefit of this shared power is the opportunity for supervisees to trust themselves as counselors and to increasingly trust and seek out their clients' expertness and knowledge.
See Landis, supra, at 26 ("With the rise of regulation, the need for expertness became dominant.
They were also in agreement in their ranking instructor expertness as the third most important instructor attitude.
The researchers posited that source credibility is the degree of trustworthiness combined with the degree expertness perceived by the message receiver.
The BAPS is an instrument composed of 18 items giving a total score (with a range from 18 to 108) and scores on three subscales: Intent to Seek Psychological Help, Stigma Tolerance, and Expertness.
It must now command expertness in all fields of technology and at the same time its work calls for a super-competence able to deal with the interrelations of the various departments.
1) reward power, based on P's [person affected by power-over agent, O] perception that O has the ability to mediate rewards for him; (2) coercive power, based on P's perception that O has the ability to mediate punishments for him; (3) legitimate power, based on the perception by P that O has a legitimate right to prescribe behaviour for him; (4) referent power, based on P's identification with O; (5) expert power, based on the perception that O has some special knowledge or expertness.
Such a ruling may surely claim the merit of its writer's thoroughness, logic, and expertness, its fit with prior interpretations, and any other sources of weight.

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