external carotid artery


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Related to external carotid artery: internal carotid artery, maxillary artery, vertebral artery

external carotid artery

[ek′stərn·əl kə′räd·əd ′ärd·ə·rē]
(anatomy)
An artery which originates at the common carotid and distributes blood to the anterior part of the neck, face, scalp, side of the head, ear, and dura mater.
References in periodicals archive ?
Carotid body tumors displace the internal carotid artery posterolaterally and the external carotid artery anteriorly; angiography demonstrates the typical lyre sign.
For example, performing external carotid artery ligation risks damage to the hypoglossal and vagus nerves.
A preoperative angiogram would demonstrate patency of the lingual arteries and the presence of external carotid artery collateral circulation if one lingual artery had been ligated.
In this patient, the missile's trajectory went from posterosuperior (above the left zygomatic arch) to anteroinferior (left posteroinferior lateral nasal wall); angiography of his left external carotid artery clearly demonstrated an injury to the distal internal maxillary artery.
6) Surgical exploration revealed compression of the external carotid artery by the styloid process; surgical removal of the process alleviated the symptoms.
Those patients who had undergone ligation of the external carotid artery because of massive blood loss were discharged only after their wounds had completely healed.
I was also surprised to read that in a series of 602 patients, two patients required ligation of the external carotid artery because of blood loss.