external force

external force

[ek¦stərn·əl ′fȯrs]
(mechanics)
A force exerted on a system or on some of its components by an agency outside the system.
References in classic literature ?
The utility of a Confederacy, as well to suppress faction and to guard the internal tranquillity of States, as to increase their external force and security, is in reality not a new idea.
It is very probable," (says he[1]) "that mankind would have been obliged at length to live constantly under the government of a single person, had they not contrived a kind of constitution that has all the internal advantages of a republican, together with the external force of a monarchical government.
A republic of this kind, able to withstand an external force, may support itself without any internal corruptions.
But if the members of an oligarchy agree among themselves the state is not very easily destroyed without some external force.
He felt as though some external force were moving him.
The prospector cannot turn unless its nose is deflected from the outside--by some external force or resistance--the steering wheel within would have moved in response.
On the one hand, it will be said, if concessions are made, the Parliament endanger the loss of their authority over the Colony: on the other hand, if external forces should be used, there seems to be danger of a total lasting alienation of affection.
The top external force of change in 2015 is "changing customer requirements.
The senior presidential adviser described regime change agenda as being a foreign approach to removing a government which does not want to be controlled by external forces by using external force or underhand maneuvering within the targeted country.
5 Luo Zhengda (Chinese scholar): the mechanical worldview of natural external force and natural repulsive force
But states often collapse as an unintended consequence of the presence of a supporting external force.
A spokeswoman for Cleveland Police confirmed it is now being investigated by an external force - the Met Deputy Chief Constable Ian Spittal said: "The allegations were made directly to the Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC), who referred the matters back to the Office of the Police and Crime Commissioner (OPCC).