When I began to approach life in the community as research, recording incidents and observations, I began as well to try to externalize and write down the meanings I assigned to these events.
The second example describes an interview study with Israeli Arab and Jewish educators, and the author's attempts to externalize and examine her own feelings, values and opinions in order to achieve greater objectivity and stronger internal validity.
This is certainly true, but in order to ascribe proper meanings to the attitudes or habits of those in a "strange" culture, the researcher must externalize and evaluate her own attitudes and habits.
In the end, the way the researcher interprets and presents her carefully collected data is dependent also on who she is, what she values and the extent to which she is willing to externalize and critique her intuitive understandings.
Mapping the influences is a questioning process aimed at helping clients identify and increase the experience of the problem's effects and thereby help to further externalize the problem (M.
Next, a case is presented to illustrate the clinical application of using puppets with children to externalize the problem.
This article presents a clinical application for using puppets with children in narrative therapy to externalize the problem.