Ultrasonic examination of carotid extracranial
arteries showed stenotic lesion prevailing within the internal carotid artery (ICA), atherosclerotic changing of the curve, vasomotor spasm symptoms and decline in vessels' reactivity.
To our best knowledge, there is no report in the English literature of paradoxically developed extracranial
tuberculomas during treatment of CNS tuberculosis, and due to its interesting nature, we present this unusual case.
dissections (usually within the media), produce symptoms acutely and usually heal and seldom recur (Caplan et al.
After intra- and extracranial
lesions were completely removed, multilayered reconstruction of the skull base was performed to repair the dural defect in the skull base.
In present study, extracranial
complications were demonstrated in 55.
This is necessary in consequence of the inherent variability of the extracranial
venous system among human subjects but also for a number of reasons linked with ultrasound, including pressure of the hand of the operator, respiratory movements, micromovements of the subject under investigation, and electronic noise.
In a study of 74 patients with pulsatile tinnitus, Sonmez et al found atherosclerotic changes of different levels and degrees in the extracranial
carotid arteries of 16 patients (21.
05) between the groups: the major location in the deceased patients was intracranial VAD and in the surviving patients extracranial
Out of all the factors giving rise to stroke about 20% of intracranial and extracranial
lesions are induced by atherosclerosis which should thus be
atherosclorerotic disease is an important cause of stroke.
They cover the healthcare professional's responsibility, pain constructs, anatomical and physiologic considerations, comorbid conditions, and the neurophysiology, biopsychosocial model, and epidemiology of orofacial pain, then general assessment, diagnostic classification, vascular and nonvascular intracranial causes, primary headache disorders, episodic and continuous neuropathic pain, intraoral pain disorders, the diagnosis and management of TMD, cervicogenic mechanisms and extracranial
causes of orofacial pain and headaches, the impact on sleep (a new chapter), and biobehavioral considerations.
The subdural hygroma is an already known complication of extracranial
derivations, rarely being reported as associated with ETV.