extract

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extract

1. a preparation containing the active principle or concentrated essence of a material
2. Pharmacol a solution of plant or animal tissue containing the active principle

Extract

 

a concentrated medicinal substance obtained from raw materials that contain certain active ingredients, such as glycosides, alkaloids, and vitamins; a type of galenical. Depending on the extracting agent used, extracts may be categorized as, for example, aqueous, alcoholic, or ethereal. Depending on the degree of thickening after evaporation, they may be classified as liquid, semiliquid (no more than 25 percent moisture), or dry (up to 5 percent moisture).

extract

[′ek‚strakt (noun) or ik′strakt (verb)]
(chemistry)
Material separated from liquid or solid mixture by a solvent.
(computer science)
To form a new computer word by extracting and putting together selected segments of given words.
To remove from a computer register or memory all items that meet a specified condition.
(metallurgy)
To separate a metal or a mineral from an ore by various chemical or mechanical methods.
(pharmacology)
A pharmaceutical preparation obtained by dissolving the active constituents of a drug with a suitable menstruum, evaporating the solvent, and adjusting to prescribed standards.
A preparation, usually in a concentrated form, obtained by treating plant or animal tissue with a solvent to remove desired odiferous, flavorful, or nutritive components of the tissue.

extract

To decompress. To restore the original files from a compressed archive (ZIP file, RAR file, etc.). See archive, data compression and archive formats.
References in periodicals archive ?
No outliers were removed except for the extractable P, total P and extractable K data from one quadrat at the dairy farm in September 2012 because very high concentrations at all depth increments were interpreted as likely resulting from a feeding station previously being present (215-464 mg [kg.
While samples had 9 to 12 percent mass losses on water extraction, a comparison of %N in residual, extracted resinated fiber material revealed that similar levels of extractable nitrogen (~60%) were removed (Table 2).
The reported optimum range of extractable soil P levels is only 40 - 50 mg extractable P/kg soil (Daniels et al.
Compared to the RDA, the acid extractable fraction of the magnesium content, which is the amount potentially available for absorption, was low (Figure 1).
001) increase in the concentration of extractable As, Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn in soil.
According to the company, by the results of the exploration drilling the expected adding of the extractable oil supplies of Gazprom Neft upped by 10% versus the similar period of 2009 and reached 12 mn tons, which forms more than half of the annual plan.
First, the transaction leads to total reserves of above 100m barrels of extractable oil equivalents.
Malawi could join the elite uranium club if exploration results from the south of the country confirm the presence of economically extractable grades.
Chevron estimates the region could hold 3 billion to 15 billion barrels of extractable oil and gas.
Drewrad 150 resins have extremely low levels of extractable compounds upon UV cure, while providing excellent performance in demanding food packaging applications, according to the company.
Turner and Hummel (1992) found few beneficial growth effects from K applications to cool-season turfgrasses, even when extractable soil K concentrations were relatively low.
T 428 om04 Hot water extractable acidity or alkalinity of paper