Facilitation

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Facilitation

 

in physiology, the intensification of a response to a simultaneous or preliminary stimulation of different parts of the same or another area or the sensory nerve fibers proceeding from the receptor. In facilitation based on an increase in excitability, a single stimulation increases the efficacy of a subsequent stimulation by paving the way for it. One stimulation thus facilitates another (hence the origin of the term). As a result of facilitation, subliminal stimulation, which by itself does not elicit a response, begins to have an effect when excitation develops in new focal centers. For example, the weak stimulation of the skin of a rabbit, insufficient to elicit a motor response, provokes a reflex upon the simultaneous electrical stimulation of the motor center of the brain’s cortex, which also does not produce an effect by itself. The concept of facilitation in the central nervous system was introduced in 1882 by the German physiologist S. Exner, who called the phenomenon Bahnung (German; “facilitation”). I. P. Pavlov noted that facilitation contributes to the formation of conditioned reflexes. If a temporary connection is established, facilitation occurs between two foci of excitation in the cortex of the cerebral hemispheres as a reaction to conditioned and unconditioned stimuli.

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The length of time involved in bringing about transformational shifts in participants' thinking observed in this study, along with the individual variability in the changes in thinking observed among participants suggests a great deal also remains to be learned about how to most effectively facilitate development of thinking as a teacher leader.
GAC does so through three business lines, a Communications Committee sustained by membership sales, a Program Committee that runs competitive, financially self-supporting conferences, and a Publications Committee that facilitates books and periodicals sufficiently compelling and attractive to our scientific community to be profitable.
London and Area will facilitate information sessions with support workers, professionals, educators and parents of disabled youth to discuss the barriers faced by youth with disabilities.
Use parallel process during staff training to demonstrate numerous ways to facilitate the co-creation of emotionally safe environments.
For example, school counselors may wish to facilitate groups that focus on a number of issues including peer relationships, leadership training, fostering self-esteem, and developing social skills.
It facilitates biometric data interchange between different system components or between systems, promotes interoperability of biometric-based application programs and systems, and facilitates the integration of biometric technologies into networks that support important mass commercial or government applications.
As the Congress continues to consider ways to facilitate securitization of business and community development loans, we believe that the preferable approach would be to fashion legislation directing the primary federal regulatory agencies to develop appropriate standards.
This polar surface is readily wetted by polar liquids, such as water and polyurethane precursors, and facilitates excellent dispersion.
To facilitate information workshops for people with disabilities about changes in local health care services that will be replaced by a new facility.
263(a) addressing capitalization of amounts paid to facilitate certain types of acquisitive and capital transactions.
The primary purpose is to facilitate communication between CCOs to improve contingency contracting preparation and operations.