Facilitation

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Facilitation

 

in physiology, the intensification of a response to a simultaneous or preliminary stimulation of different parts of the same or another area or the sensory nerve fibers proceeding from the receptor. In facilitation based on an increase in excitability, a single stimulation increases the efficacy of a subsequent stimulation by paving the way for it. One stimulation thus facilitates another (hence the origin of the term). As a result of facilitation, subliminal stimulation, which by itself does not elicit a response, begins to have an effect when excitation develops in new focal centers. For example, the weak stimulation of the skin of a rabbit, insufficient to elicit a motor response, provokes a reflex upon the simultaneous electrical stimulation of the motor center of the brain’s cortex, which also does not produce an effect by itself. The concept of facilitation in the central nervous system was introduced in 1882 by the German physiologist S. Exner, who called the phenomenon Bahnung (German; “facilitation”). I. P. Pavlov noted that facilitation contributes to the formation of conditioned reflexes. If a temporary connection is established, facilitation occurs between two foci of excitation in the cortex of the cerebral hemispheres as a reaction to conditioned and unconditioned stimuli.

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Specifically, the program reported here is structured to facilitate the development of reciprocity in thinking along dimensions of collaborative problem solving, inquiry, and action.
If a messenger model is used improperly, it can facilitate an unlawful price-fixing agreement.
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Essex County will facilitate an educational workshop to increase awareness of the barriers faced by people with intellectual disabilities.
The task was to facilitate an overarching learning strategy that promotes career-long learning and provides members of the workforce more control over their learning solutions.
Nielsen is also planning to utilize SnapView technology to facilitate incremental backups, which will accelerate the backup and restore process.
263(a) addressing capitalization of amounts paid to facilitate certain types of acquisitive and capital transactions.
While the shape of the incision may vary from stairstep or gull-wing to triangular or straight, interrupted (geometric) incisions are preferable because they prevent long scar segments and facilitate flap alignment.
We tend to forget how complicated it may be for camp staff to facilitate adventure experiences for campers--while working to create not only a physically safe experience but also one conducted in an emotionally safe environment.
XpressB2B enables trading partners to rapidly achieve full supply chain integration with minimal IT involvement, and to facilitate collaborative planning and accuracy to realize ultimate profitability across the board.
Since the goals of adventure-based counseling activities are to improve self-esteem among participants and promote group cohesion and interpersonal skills, participants are taught ways to facilitate growth toward these goals regardless of the outcome of the challenges.