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in the Roman Empire, a group of people involved in organizing equestrian contests.

The term was later transferred by scholars studying Byzantium to the sports organizations, known in Byzantine cities from the fourth century A.D., that arranged and conducted circus and sports events.

Large groups of fans, called demes, adhered to the various factions. There were usually four factions in each city, and they, like the demes, were named according to the color of the costumes worn by their charioteers: the Blues (Veneti), Greens (Prasinoi), Whites (Leukoi), and Reds (Russi). The most important were the Veneti and Prasinoi of Constantinople, who played an important political role in the fifth through seventh centuries. They lost their political importance around the middle of the seventh century and subsequently concerned themselves solely with the organization of sports competitions and festive ceremonies in Constantinople.

References in periodicals archive ?
The name of Tessori had become a bone of contention between the two factions after the Bahadurabad faction, led by Maqbool, objected to his name given by Dr Sattar.
Addressing the media, he said, 'Please make the Bahadurabad faction understand that it is not right to divide the party like this and let me come there without any terms and conditions.
The faction said it has held an extra-ordinary meeting on this matter.
Salem (Tamil Nadu) [India], November 24 ( ANI ): The sidelined All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) leader TTV Dhinakaran has objected to the decision of the Election Commission (EC) of allotting the "two leaves" party symbol to EPS-OPS faction, and accused it of conducting inquiry in an unfair manner.
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Election of an MP on the basis of party lists entails adherence to the election program of the party within the parliamentary faction, the Chamber said.
This bundle provides a brilliant reminder of how successful that premise was in Red Faction and Red Faction 2, while Red Faction: Armageddon takes a more linear approach to game progression but still packs in as much explosion as ever before.
The arrested militant has also revealed that TTP faction of Hakeemullah Mehsud in Karachi was being headed by the terrorist commander, Daud Mehsud, while the shocking condition of Hakimullah Mehsud's faction is evident by being narrowed down to the dead-end of Landhi district.
The more devout factions of society -- including those from more marginal elements all the way to voters very close to the politically center right -- who had experienced a crisis in democracy in the face of 90 years of totalitarian rule, made a soft transition into politics with the AK Party, with whom they finally found some satisfaction.
Unwanted man now wanted: Deputy Ali Motahari (photo) is a vocal critic of President Ahmadi-nejad, but also a long-time member of the principleist (conservative) faction in the Majlis.
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Two Liberal Democratic Party factions led respectively by Makoto Koga and Sadakazu Tanigaki have decided to merge by spring next year to create a third major group within the ruling party, faction members said Thursday.