famine


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famine

widespread food shortages leading to starvation and a high death rate within a given population. During a famine people die not only of hunger but from a variety of diseases to which they become increasingly vulnerable. Sen (1981) has argued that starvation arises from the condition of people not having enough to eat, and not as a result of there not being enough food to eat. Famine generally occurs when there is a sudden collapse of the level of food consumption, rather than as the result of a longterm decline, and people die because of the lack of time available to counteract the factors that lead to low consumption. It rarely occurs that a population is without any food (the Netherlands under German occupation during World War II may be one example), rather, Sen argues that it is changes in people's entitlement to food which is altered. Thus famine is linked to the distribution as well as the production of food, and the vulnerability of some groups, rather than others, within a population. Historically, famine has been precipitated by events such as serious floods or pestilence, but in the 20th-century major famines have been closely associated with warfare, as with Ethiopia and Mozambique in the 1970s and 80s, or with profound political upheavals, as with the consolidation of Stalinism in the 1930s in the USSR, and Maoism in China in the late 1950s. In all of these cases, however, only some social groups lost their entitlement to food, whilst others retained theirs or acquired new ones.
References in classic literature ?
It is true that there were frequent famines at that time, gentlemen.
The good news, for de Waal, is that the mechanisms of development and democracy mean that we now have an 'eminently achievable goal of definitively ending famine.
South Sudan's war regions face death by starvation, with tens of thousands being on the brink of famine.
Download UN warns of historic famine if Yemen blockade isn't lifted NNA - The UN humanitarian chief warned Wednesday that unless the Saudi-led military coalition lifts its blockade on Yemen the war-torn nation will face "the largest famine the world has seen for many decades, with millions of victims.
Irish scholars in history, oral history, and law analyze the effects of the Great Irish Famine on Irish society.
Famine affects societies worldwide, despite geography and time.
SOUTH Sudan no longer has areas in famine but almost two million people are on the brink of starvation, according to reports by the government and the United Nations.
ROME, June 21 (KUNA) -- Famine has eased in South Sudan after a significant scale up in the humanitarian response, according to new analysis released on Wednesday.
The Famine Folio Series is an insightful collection of short paperbacks that introduce the reader to the record, the tragedy and some of the lingering outcomes of the Great Famine in Ireland (1845-1852).
These tourist photographs dedicated to personal genealogy and ancestral remembrance reverse a history of shame attached to the Famine and its refugees; at the same time the practice of posing beside these statues indicates a prevalent contemporary participation in the production of cultural memory.
Famine was declared in two areas of South Sudan on Monday, with the United Nations and the country's government warning that 100,000 people were facing starvation with an additional one million people on the brink of famine.
EUROPEAN nations failing to respond to their humanitarian obligations to refugees should learn the lessons of the Irish Famine, Michael D Higgins said yesterday.